|• Akim||Zhenis Kassymbek|
|• Total||427,982 km2 (165,245 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,500 m (4,900 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||500 m (1,600 ft)|
|• Density||3.2/km2 (8.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+06:00 (East)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+06:00 (unchanged)|
|Area codes||+7 (721)|
|ISO 3166 code||KZ-KAR|
|Vehicle registration||09, M|
Karaganda Region (Kazakh: Qarağandy oblysy; Russian: Карагандинская область, romanized: Karagandinskaja oblast′), also spelled Qaraghandy Region, is a region of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Karaganda. The region's population is 1,341,700 (2009 Census results), 1,410,218 (1999 Census results), and that of the capital city is 459,778 (2009 Census results).
The region was the site of intense coal mining during the days of the Soviet Union and also the site of several Gulag forced labor camps. Following World War II, Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, had many ethnic Germans deported to the area.
There have been constant border changes within the region’s history. The first took place in 1954 when it was ceded parts of Kustanay Oblast and parts of Taldy-Kurgan Oblast. In 1973, Dzhezkazgan Oblast was split off from Karaganda Oblast making it a fraction of the size it once was. In 1988, Karaganda Oblast was given the southern part of Tselinograd Oblast as part of another set of border reforms taking place in the Kazakh S.S.R.. When Kazakhstan gained independence in 1991, Karaganda Oblast retained its post-1988 boundaries. The last change the region saw was in 1998 when Jezkazgan (Dzhezkazgan) Oblast was liquidated and re-merged with Karaganda oblast, thus making it the largest region of Kazakhstan in terms of area once again.
In July 2019, remains of a young couple buried face to face dated 4,000 years back were unearthed in Karaganda Region in central Kazakhstan by a group of archaeologists led by Igor Kukushkin from Saryarka Archaeological Institute in Karaganda. It is assumed that the Bronze age couple were 16 or 17 years old when they died. Kukushkin supposes that they were from a 'noble family' thanks to the buried gold and jewelry artifacts, ceramic pots, woman’s two bracelets on each arm beads, remains of horses and knives found in the grave.
With an area of 428,000 km2, Karaganda Region is Kazakhstan's largest region. Although it doesn't touch the borders of any country, it touches nearly every other region, due to its location in the center of the country. They are: Aktobe Region to the west; Kostanay Region to the northwest; Akmola Region to the north; Pavlodar Region to the northeast; East Kazakhstan Region to the east; Almaty Region to the southeast; Jambyl Region and Turkistan Region to the south; and Kyzylorda Region to the southwest.
The area is arid and flat, given to plains with occasional hills and seasonal streams. Karkaraly National Park, covering 90,300 hectares, is located in the region, as well as Kyzylarai mountain oasis, known for its natural environment and historical sights.
The Ishim (Esil) River, a tributary of the Irtysh River, begins in Karaganda Region; the Nura River is the region's other major river. Both river are replenished with water from the Irtysh, supplied by the 451 km long Irtysh–Karaganda Canal. Lake Balkhash is located on the Southeast side.
As of 2020, the Karaganda Region has a population of 1,376,882.
Ethnic groups (2020):
The region is administratively divided into nine districts and the cities and towns of oblast significance of Karaganda, Balkhash, Jezkazgan, Karazhal, Saran, Shakhtinsk, and Temirtau. The districts are:
For some decades during the USSR era, the southern part of what is today Karaganda Region was a separate region, known as Jezkazgan Region, with the administrative center in Jezkazgan.
|Democratic Party of Kazakhstan Ak Zhol||50,599||7.67|
|Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan||50,071||7.59|
|Kazakhstani Social Democratic Party Auyl||8,642||1.31|
|Nationwide Social Democratic Party||1,188||0.18|
|Source: CEC, CEC|