Katihar

Summary

Katihar is a city situated in the eastern part of the state of Bihar in India. It is the regional headquarter of Katihar district. It is one of the important cities of Bihar. Also it's a main route of Delhi - Guwahati railway line.

Katihar
City
Katihar Junction
Katihar is located in Bihar
Katihar
Katihar
Location in Bihar
Katihar is located in India
Katihar
Katihar
Location in India
Coordinates: 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58Coordinates: 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DistrictKatihar
Urban AgglomerationKatihar
Government
 • BodyKatihar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorBinod Kumar
Area
 • Total33 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total240,565
 • Rank117
Demonym(s)Katiharites
Languages
 • MainHindi, English, Maithili, Surjapuri, Bengali
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
854105
Vehicle registrationBR-39
Lok Sabha constituencyKatihar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKatihar
Websitekatihar.bih.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Katihar is a part of the Mithila region.[2] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[3]

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[4] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajjika League, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[5]

TransportEdit

RoadEdit

Katihar is connected through road network to the neighbouring cities of Bihar. Interstate bus services are not available. A highway   NH 131A, however, connects it to Purnia, from where   NH 27,   NH 231 and   NH 31 passes through or starts through.

AirEdit

The nearest airport is located at Purnia Airport near Purnea (30 km), but it is a airforce station. The nearest commercial airport is located at Bagdogra Airport (160 km) near Siliguri (West Bengal). However, recently the government has announced to open an air force base airport in Chunapur, Purnea to be allowed to use for commercial use. However, it is not operational yet.

RailEdit

Katihar Junction is a major strategic Railway Junction under Northeast Frontier Railways which connects North East India with the rest of India.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

 
Katihar Ramakrishna Mission

Katihar has many education institutions. Some CBSE schools in city are:

  • Katihar Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandir (estd. in 1951; the oldest surviving school of Katihar; it used to be under WBBSE; now affiliated with CBSE)[6]
  • Scottish Public School[7]
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya[8]
  • Hari Shankar Nayak High School
  • International School of East India[9]
  • Manipal public school[10]
  • Netaji Vidyamandir
  • AAM Children's Academy
  • Children's happy home
  • Katihar English School
  • Don Bosco
  • Ramakrishna Mission Sarada Vidyamandir
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Katihar[11]
  • Colonels Academy[12]
  • SBP Vidya Vihar[13]
  • KidZee[14]
  • The Maheshwari Academy
  • Katihar High School
  • Zila School
  • M.T.A Islamia +2 School
  • Rajiv Shiksha Niketan
  • Meadowland Montessori school
  • High School Haflaganj

Government colleges:

  • D.S. College, Katihar[15]
  • K.B Jha College, Katihar[16]
  • Govt. Polytechnic, Katihar[17]
  • Katihar College Of Engineering, Katihar
  • Sita Ram Chamaria College[18]
  • M J M Mahila College[19]

Other important institutes:

  • Purnia University
  • Katihar Medical College & Hospital, Katihar[20]
  • Maharshi Menhi Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Katihar[21]
  • Suryadeo Law College, Katihar[22]
  • A.M.Ashari Educational & Welfare Trust, Katihar
  • MLMW Career Institute,Salmari, (Branch). https://g.co/kgs/kKWyG1

Katihar Medical CollegeEdit

Katihar Medical College and Hospital (KMCH) is a private medical college located in Katihar City suburbs and is recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI),[23] one of the few medical schools in the Seemanchal region. It was established in 1987 and has been instrumental in providing medical care to the local people. The institute offers courses in MBBS and MD in different fields including Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Microbiology, general medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

As per the 2011 census, Katihar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 240,565.[24] Katihar Urban Agglomeration includes Katihar (municipal corporation plus outgrowth) and Katihar Railway Colony (outgrowth).[25] Katihar Municipal Corporation had a total population of 225,982, out of which 119,142 were males and 106,840 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population below 5 years was 31,036. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.87 per cent.[26] Katihar is at 193th rank in terms of its population among the top 200 cities of India as per the 2011 census.

ClimateEdit

 

The climate of Katihar is nearly moderate with widespread rainfall during the monsoons sometimes bringing flood to the adjoining rural areas of the Katihar District.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Katihar City".
  2. ^ "Bihar assembly elections 2020: BJP eyes winning push from Mithila | Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Election News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  3. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  4. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  5. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  6. ^ https://www.rkmkatihar.org/
  7. ^ http://scottishpublicschool.in/
  8. ^ http://kvkatihar.org.in/[dead link]
  9. ^ http://isei.in/[dead link]
  10. ^ "Manipal Public School, Katihar - Reviews, Address, Fees and Admissions 2022".
  11. ^ "JNV Katihar".
  12. ^ https://colonelsacademy.in/
  13. ^ http://sbpvidyaviharkatihar.com/
  14. ^ "Best Play School and Preschool in Katihar,Bihar– Kidzee".
  15. ^ http://www.dspgcollege.org/
  16. ^ http://www.kbjhacollegekatihar.com/
  17. ^ http://www.govtpolykatihar.in/[dead link]
  18. ^ http://www.srcdcollege.com/
  19. ^ https://mjmmahilacollege.com/
  20. ^ http://kmckatihar.org/
  21. ^ http://www.mmhmch.org/
  22. ^ http://suryadeolawcollege.com/
  23. ^ "Katihar Medical College". Katihar Medical College. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  24. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  25. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  26. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.

External linksEdit

  • katihar.bih.nic.in
  • District Court, Katihar