|Kazakh Air Defence Forces|
|Kazakh: Qazaqstan Äwe qorğanısı küşteri |
Russian: Силы воздушной обороны Республики Казахстан
|Founded||1 June 1998|
|Role||Aerial warfare |
|Size||12,000 airman |
|Part of||Kazakh Armed Forces|
|Anniversaries||7 May (Defender of the Fatherland Day) |
18 August (Aviation Day)
|Supreme Commander-in-Chief||President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev|
|Commander of the Air Force||Lieutenant General Nurlan Ormanbetov|
|Attack||Su-24, Su-25, MiG-27|
|Fighter||MiG-23, MiG-29, Su-27, Su-30|
|Helicopter||Mil Mi-8, Mil Mi-17, Mil Mi-26, Bell UH-1, Eurocopter EC145|
|Attack helicopter||Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-35|
|Reconnaissance||CAIG Wing Loong, Aeronautics Defense Orbiter, Elbit Hermes 90, Elbit Hermes 450, Elbit Skylark|
|Trainer||Aero L-39, Zlín Z 42|
|Transport||An-12, An-24, An-26, An-72, An-74, EADS CASA C-295, Boeing 757, Shaanxi Y-8|
The Kazakh Air Defense Forces (Kazakh: Latin script: Qazaqstan Äwe qorğanısı küşteri, Russian: Силы воздушной обороны) is the aviation warfare branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Their tasks include the ensurance of the protection of the airspace of the republic as well as the fulfillment of combat missions for air support of other branches of the armed forces. The official holiday of the air forces is Aviation Day on August 18.
The Talgat Bigeldinov Military Institute of the Air Defence Forces serves as the only educational service of the air force, having trained cadets from foreign countries including Hungary, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan.
In the first formation of the Central Asian Military District, it operated a Soviet Air Force district branch led by Major General M.P. Kharitonov. It operated in the early to mid-40s during the Second World War, and consisted of air brigades based on the territory of the Kazakh SSR. The 73rd Air Army provided all air support for the district, being known as the Air Forces of the Central Asian Military District from 1980 to 1988. Air defence was also provided the 12th and 14th Air Defence Armies. The 57th Separate Airborne Brigade based in Aktogay. was the only unit of the Soviet airborne based in Kazakhstan.
At the time of the declaration of the independence of Kazakhstan and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the 24th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division, as well as three other separate air regiments, were stationed in the country. By late 1993 the small Kazakh Air Force consisted of a six regiments as well as an air defence fighter regiment.
It included the following units:
On 17 November 1997, President Nursultan Nazarbayev issued a decree titled "On Further Measures for Reforming the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan". As instructed by this, on 1 April 1998, Minister of Defense Sagadat Nurmagambetov, announced the creation of the Air Defense Forces of the Armed Forces, with the first day of operation being 1 June 1998. On 17 April 2008, the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Defense Forces announced August 18 would be celebrated as 'Aviation Day.'
In November 2007, Kazakhstan signed an agreement with Belarus, under which 10 Soviet-made Su-27 fighters were modernised at an aircraft repair plant in Baranavichy, designated for the Kazakh Air Defence Forces. In 2008, EADS agreed titanium sourcing agreements with Kazakh suppliers. On 28 October 2010, Eurocopter created a 50/50 joint venture with Kazakhstan Engineering, under which 45 Eurocopter EC145s would be assembled locally for government use. The first of six EC145s ordered by the Kazakh Ministries of Defence and Emergencies was delivered in November 2011.
In early January 2012, Airbus Military and the state-owned Kazspecexport defence company, signed a contract to deliver two EADS CASA C-295 military transport aircraft, and a Memorandum of Understanding for another six aircraft, which were to be delivered over the course of the following year. In May 2012, Kazakhstan announced its intent to acquire 20 Eurocopter EC725 helicopters that were to be assembled in Astana by officials from Kazakhstan Engineering and fitted by the Turkish firm Aselsan.
|MiG-27||Soviet Union||fighter bomber||12|
|MiG-29||Soviet Union||multirole||26||2 provide conversion training|
|Su-24||Soviet Union||fighter bomber||13|
|Su-27/30||Soviet Union & Russia||fighter||37||9 on order - 4 provide conversion training|
|Boeing 757||United States||VIP transport||757-200||1|
|Airbus A400M||Spain||heavy transport||2 on order|
|Shaanxi Y-8||China||transport||1||7 on order|
|Antonov An-12||Soviet Union||heavy transport||1|
|Antonov An-26||Soviet Union||transport||8|
|Antonov An-72||Soviet Union||heavy transport||2||STOL capable aircraft – one is a An-74|
|Bell UH-1||United States||utility||UH-1H||1|
|Mil Mi-17||Soviet Union||utility||49|
|Mil Mi-24||Soviet Union & Russia||attack||22||4 on order|
|Mil Mi-26||Soviet Union||heavy lift / transport||2|
|Eurocopter EC725||France||Utility||20 on order|
|Aero L-39||Czechoslovakia||jet trainer||17|
|Zlín Z 42||Czechoslovakia||basic trainer||Z 242L||1|
|CAIG Wing Loong||China||MALE UCAV||2|
The general composition of the Air and Air Defence Force is as follows:
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