Kerala Congress is a political party in Kerala, India founded In 1964. By the leadership of K. M. George, R. Balakrishna Pillai,Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai and Mathachan Kuruvinakunnel. From 1979 Kerala Congress publicly known As Kerala Congress (Joseph) Or Kerala Congress i And P.J Joseph was the chairman until 2010, and again since 2021.
|Chairperson||P. J. Joseph|
|Founded||9 October 1964|
|Split from||Indian National Congress|
|Headquarters||State Committee Office, Near Star Theatre junction, Kottayam, Kerala|
|Student wing||Kerala Students Congress|
|Youth wing||Kerala Youth Front|
|Women's wing||Kerala Vanitha Congress|
|Labour wing||Kerala Trade Union Congress|
|Ideology||Welfare of toiling class|
|Colours||Half white and half red|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
0 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
0 / 245
|Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly|
2 / 140
The Kerala Congress was founded in 1964 from a split in the ruling Indian National Congress. Following a scandal in 1963, Kerala Chief Minister R. Sankar removed Home Minister P. T. Chacko from his cabinet; who died in 1964. Fifteen of Chacko’s colleagues led by K. M. George toppled Sankar in a no-confidence motion. George and R. Balakrishna Pillai formed Kerala Congress with the backing of Mannath Padmanabhan.
Besides these two leaders, K. M. Mani and P. J. Joseph, the youth front leader rose as prominent leaders of the party. After the death of K. M. George in 1976, there was a tussle for control over the party between Pillai, Mani, and Joseph. Pillai felt he would be the de facto leader of the party as the senior-most leader. However, Mani and Joseph had more followers.
In the year 1977, just before the Assembly elections, R. Balakrishna Pillai announced a split from the parent Kerala Congress. This group came to be known as Kerala Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) with R. Balakrishna Pillai as the Chairman.
Kerala Congress was again split in the year 1979, K. M. Mani announced a split from the parent Kerala Congress, owing to the difference of opinions with P. J. Joseph. This group came to be known as Kerala Congress (Mani) with K. M. Mani as the Chairman.
After K.M Mani and R. Balakrishna Pillai's departure from the Parent Kerala Congress party, the media started to address Kerala Congress as Kerala Congress (J) Or Kerala Congress (Joseph) Or simply Joseph Group.
But these parties again split in 1987 by K, M Mani, after the split 1987 there is a big legal battle for the name and symbol between P.J Joseph and K.M Mani and the court was ruled in favor of PJ Joseph. In 1989 R Balakrishnan Pillai also left Parent Kerala Congress.
P.J Joseph was minister several times Until 2010 representing Kerala Congress
Eventually, the Kerala Election commission freezes party Name & symbol. which dissolved Kerala Congress.
P.C Thomas was a chairman of Kerala Congress (Anti-merger Group). since 2014 a power struggle erupted on that party . on 2015 Thomas left Kerala Congress (Anti-merger Group) and form Kerala Congress (Thomas) but Left Democratic Front (Kerala) did not approve this split. and kicked out Thomas from their alliance.
In October 2020, it was reported that P. C. Thomas was leaving NDA and was likely to join the United Democratic Front (UDF). The party however decided to stay in the NDA and extended their support to NDA candidates in the 2020 Kerala local elections.
Since 2016 to 2021 Kerala Congress was in an alliance with National Democratic Alliance (NDA)
On 2021 March 17 the party left the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) later Kerala Congress (Joseph), which is part of the Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF) merged into bracket less Kerala Congress. which Makes P. J. Joseph as Kerala Congress Party Chairman Again
After the merger with Kerala Congress , PJ Joseph and Mons Joseph resigned from MLA post to avoid the technicalities regarding the Anti-Defection Law as they had won the assembly election in 2016 in Kerala Congress (M) tickets However 8 out of 10 Candidates of Kerala Congress lost in elections, only P. J. Joseph and Mons Joseph were re-elected to the legislative assembly from Thodupuzha and Kaduthuruthy respectively.
On April 27 a meeting convened online by the party leadership in Thodupuzha and chooses P.J Joseph as party chairman and PC Thomas as working chairman., Mons Joseph has been elected as the executive chairman., Francis George Johnny Nelloor and Thomas unniyadan as Deputy Chairman, while Joy Abraham is the secretary-general.
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