Malayan Railway
Keretapi Tanah Melayu
كريتاڤي تانه ملايو
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad Logo.svg
Reporting markKTM
LocalePeninsular Malaysia
Dates of operation1885–
Track gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Length1,677 km (1,042 mi)
HeadquartersKuala Lumpur
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad
Government-linked company
Founded1992
HeadquartersJalan Sultan Hishamuddin, 50621 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Key people
Datuk Dr. Rameli bin Musa, Chairman
Mohd Rani Hisham Samsudin, CEO
ServicesOwner and operator
KTM Intercity ETS  1  2  10  1  2 
ParentMinister of Finance Incorporated
Websitewww.ktmb.com.my
A KTM Intercity train in Singapore

Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTM) (Jawi: كريتاڤي تانه ملايو برحد) or Malayan Railways Limited is the main rail operator in Peninsular Malaysia. The railway system dates back to the British colonial era, when it was first built to transport tin. Previously known as the Federated Malay States Railways (FMSR) and the Malayan Railway Administration (MRA), Keretapi Tanah Melayu acquired its current name in 1962.[1] The organisation was corporatised in 1992, but remains wholly owned by the Malaysian government.

Railway network

The 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge network consists of two main lines and several branch lines. Terengganu is the only state in Peninsular Malaysia not served by the KTM railway network.

West Coast Line

The West Coast Line runs from the Malaysia-Thailand Border ,where it connects with the State Railway of Thailand, to Woodlands Train Checkpoint in Singapore,serving the West Coast states of Peninsular Malaysia. The line runs through most of the major stations in Peninsular Malaysia, such as KL Sentral in Kuala Lumpur and Butterworth railway station in Butterworth, Penang.

East Coast Line

The East Coast Line branches off from the West Coast line at Gemas, running to Tumpat in Kelantan, serving two of Peninsular Malaysia's East Coast states, namely Pahang and Kelantan. Despite its name , it does not run along the coast at all and only meets the South China Sea when it terminates at Tumpat railway station. It runs through the interior, often through deep jungle, thus earning the nickname Jungle Railway.

Branch lines in operation

There are several branch lines running from the two main lines.

Intercity & Freight

Commuter & Freight

Freight only

Disused branch lines

Dismantled branch lines

Infrastructure

The total network spans 1677 km. The total length of the network was 1,699 km, however due to the closure and subsequent removal of the section of tracks between Tanjong Pagar railway station and Woodlands Train Checkpoint, the network is now shorter.

The West Coast line is double tracked and electrified between Padang Besar and Gemas, along with all branch lines used for passenger service along this stretch. As part of the upgrades, all level crossings have been removed and modern signaling installed. The remainder of the West Coast main line from Gemas railway station to Woodlands Train Checkpoint in Singapore is still being in the process of being double tracked and electrified. The stations along these line are a combination of heritage stations from the colonial era, such as Ipoh railway station and Kuala Lumpur railway station, and modern stations that were built when the line was double tracked, such as the new Taiping railway station and Butterworth railway station.

The East Coast line is single tracked. Having not seen much upgrades over the years, the line is considerably less modern than the upgraded sections of the West Coast line. Level crossings are still prevalent and the traditional token signaling system is still used. The stations along this line are older than smaller. Although the line will remain single tracked, rehabilitation works are underway to replace the worn track and many stations are also being upgraded.

Most of the lines use concrete sleepers, which had replaced wooden sleepers from 1982 for the Kerdau-Jerantut and Sungai Yu-Tumpat lines and became more widespread after upgrading works in recent years. When the East Coast Line rehabilitation work and West Coast line double tracking is complete, the network will exclusively use concrete sleepers.

Rolling stock

Following the consolidation of all state railway entities in Malaya, Malayan Railway inherited a fleet of mostly British-made steam locomotives, a variation of locomotives introduced to Malaya since its first railway line went into operation.

Dieselisation in Malaya began immediately after MR's formation with the launch of its first diesel engine, a Class 15 shunter, in 1948. The first mainline diesel went into service in 1957. Since then, a large scale effort to fully convert to diesel power between the 1950s and 1970s effectively drove steam locomotives out of service by 1974. KTM drew its diesel rolling stock from a multitude of locomotive companies from England, Japan, Canada, and more recently, India, Germany and China. The company ordered railcars and railbuses for short distance journeys in the 1950s and 1980s respectively, but such services didn’t last. DMUs are being ordered for unelectrified sections of the network, and would end locomotive hauled passenger service in Malaysia.

Electric trains were introduced in 1995 with the launch of KTM Komuter services. Consisting of 3-car EMUs, they were for a long time the only electric trains in Malaysia. In 2010, the introduction of ETS services from Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh brought electric traction to long distance travel. As of present, most of the West Coast Main Line are run by ETS and on some sections, Komuter services except for the Gemas to Johor Bahru section, where double tracking works are still in the process. The company put two electric locomotives on trial in 2016. These trials were to assess the viability of using such locomotives for freight on electrified lines. However, the locomotives have appeared to be sent back to the manufacturer, CRRC, with none being ordered.

Motive power

List of Shunters
Class Image Manufacturer Year Built Built Numbers Type Status
15 Vulcan Foundry 1948 20 15101-15120 Diesel-Electric Decommissioned
16 North British Locomotive

Company

1955 6 16101-16106 Diesel-Hydraulic Decommissioned
17 Kisha Seizo 1964 15 17101-17105 Diesel-Hydraulic Decommissioned
18 Brush HMA 1978 10 18101-18110 Diesel-Electric Decommissioned
19 Hitachi 1983 10 19101-19110 Diesel-Electric In Service
List of Mainline Diesels
Class Image Manufacturer Year Built Built Numbers Type Status
20 KTM Class 20.jpg Vulcan Foundry 1957 26 20101-20126 Diesel-Electric Decommissioned
21 Ktm class 21.jpg Kisha Seizo 1965

1968

25 21101-21115

21201-21210

Diesel-Hydraulic Decommissioned
22 KTM class 22.jpg English Electric

Associated Electrical Industries

Metro-Cammell

1971 40 22101-22140 Diesel-Electric Decommissioned
23 KTM Class 23.jpg Hitachi 1983 15 23101-23115 Diesel-Electric In Service
24 KTM Class 24.jpg Toshiba 1987 26 24101-24126 Diesel-Electric In Service
25 KTM Class 25.jpg Electro-Motive Diesel 1990

2002

17 25101-25112

25201-25205

Diesel-Electric In Service
26 KTM Class 26.jpg Adtranz 2003 20 26101-26120 Diesel Electric In Service
29 KTMB class 29 29117 1.jpg Dalian Locomotive

& Rolling Stock

2005 20 29101-29120 Diesel Electric In Service
YDM4 KTM train heading north, Singapore - 20101113.jpg Diesel Locomotive

Works

1996 33 6333-6897 Diesel Electric Exported
List of Diesel Multiple Units
Class Image Manufacturer Year built Type Status
27 KTM class 27 railcar.jpg Commonwealth Engineering 1960 Diesel-Electric Railcar Decommissioned
28 Ktm class 28 railcar.jpg Hitachi 1966 Diesel-Electric Railcar Decommissioned
Railbus KTM railbus.jpg Ganz Mavag 1988 Diesel Railbus Decommissioned
61 KTM class 61.jpg CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive 2019 Diesel-Electric

Multiple Unit

Testing
List of KTM Komuter Electric Multiple Units
Class Image Manufacturer Year built Built Numbers Status
81 Class 81 KTM EMU 14 Komuter train, KL sentral Kuala Lumpur.jpg Jenbacher 1994 18 EMU 01-EMU 18 In service
82 KTM Komuter Class 82.jpg Union Carriage & Wagon 1996 22 EMU 41-EMU 62 Decommissioned
83 Class 83 KTM Komuter train, Kuala Lumpur.jpg Hyundai Rotem 1996 22 EMU 19-EMU 40 In Service
92 KTM train at Subang Jaya.JPG CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive 2012 38 SCS 01-SCS 38 In Service
List of KTM ETS Electric Multiple Units
Class Image Manufacturer Year Built Built Numbers Status
91 ETS at Ipoh.JPG Hyundai Rotem

Mitsubishi Electric

2009 5 ETS 01-ETS 05 In service
93 ETS 5 (cropped).jpg CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive 2015

2019

19 ETS 201- ETS 219 In service

Locomotive, ETS, Carriage & Wagon Workshop

Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Running Depot

Closed/Disused Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Running Depot

  • Gua Musang - Gua Musang Fleet Depot (Relocated to Kuala Lipis)
  • Ipoh - Falim Fleet Depot (Relocated to Batu Gajah)
  • Tanjong Pagar - Singapore Fleet Depot (Closed since 1 July 2011, relocated to Kempas Baru)
  • Prai - Prai Fleet Depot (Relocated to Bukit Tengah)
  • Kuala Lumpur - Kuala Lumpur Sentral Fleet Depot

Electrical Train Set Depot

Electrical Multiple Unit Depot

Unit / Subsidiaries

KTM Intercity & ETS

KTM Intercity (Malay: KTM Antarabandar) is an intercity passenger railway service operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu within the regions of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. It operates local mail trains, shuttle trains as well as express trains in unelectrified sections of the network, hence it uses diesel traction.

The trains once dominated the network but have been replaced by ETS services where electrification has taken place. It still plays a central role in the east coast, where there are no plans to electrify the line.

KTM ETS, which stands for Electric Train Service, operates as an inter-city rail service between the cities of Gemas and Padang Besar on the Malaysia-Thai border along the West Coast Line, where the line has been electrified. It has cut journey times compared to its diesel powered predecessor, owing to its higher operational speed of 140 km/h. This also makes it the fastest metre-guage service worldwide.

The service started in 2010, and continues to expand as electrification of the west coast line continues. The fleet consists of 5 Class 91 and 19 Class 93 EMUs.

KTM Komuter

KTM Komuter is a commuter rail service serving the Klang Valley and Northern part of Malaysia.

The central sector consists of the Seremban Line and Port Klang Line. In addition to the main lines, there are shuttle services from Sentul to Batu Caves and Rawang to Tanjong Malim. Since 2018, KTM Komuter also operates an airport train service - the Skypark Link linking KL Sentral to the Subang Airport. The fleet presently consists of Class 81, Class 83 and Class 92 EMUs.

The Northern Sector consists of two routes, namely the Bukit Mertajam-Padang Rengas route as well as the Butterworth-Padang Besar route.

KTM Komuter is a heavily utilised mode of transportation by commuters working in Kuala Lumpur as the service is an alternative for road travel, which is occasionally hampered by congestion. Virtually all KTM Komuter stops offer "Park & Ride" parking lots for those who drive to and from the station or halt. KTM Komuter ridership is estimated to be about 50 million passengers in 2010.

KTM Komuter is currently the most profitable passenger service offered by KTMB, contributing MYR 100 million to group revenue in 2010, higher than KTM Intercity's profit of MYR 70.94 million in the same year.

KTM Kargo

KTMB runs 37 freight train services daily of which about 80% were concentrated in the northern sector. In line with the strategy to focus more on containerised and long-haul cargoes, KTMB now carries maritime containers, cement and food as main commodities. In 2006, the freight revenue increased 5.2% to RM113.0 million.[2]

KTM Distribution (KTMD)

Its core business is in the provision of express parcel distribution services to the commercial, industrial and administrative sectors and it operates within Malaysia and Singapore. Parcel distribution is carried out through its door-to-door service or from point to point through its station-to-station service. The company is also licensed by the Malaysian Communications & Multimedia Commission as a courier service provider, which enables it to carry letters and documents up to 2 kg. This service has so far been monopoly of the Postal Department. The company owns an 18,000 sq ft (1,700 m2). freehold property in Sri Damansara, from which it earns warehouse rental income.[3]

Non-rail Subsidiaries

KTM operates several non-rail subsidiaries. Though considered as non-core businesses, KTM has benefited from these operations, especially from Property and Advertising segments. In 2006, KTMB generated RM22.4 million from property rental and advertising activities.

  • Property

The property joint ventures were progressing comparatively well under the prevailing economic climate. As part of the Sentul Raya Development, the Maple Condominium was handed over to purchasers in August 2006 while the Saffron Condominium is under construction and expected to be completed in 2007. Meanwhile, KL Sentral Development has embarked on construction of luxury condominiums, new office towers and life-style centre whilst the construction of the Marine View Hotel in Port Dickson is expected to be completed in 2007. To cater for demand from surrounding residential areas, KTMB's partner for the Prai Perdana Development is in the process of constructing a new retail complex and the project is expected to be completed in 2007.

  • Advertising

Through KTMB's collaboration with Ganad Media Sdn. Bhd. the advertising revenue had increased by 9.7% to RM1.47 million compared to the previous year. Several new advertising structures have been built in Klang Valley while more on-train advertising media like panels and hand-grips were made available on top of the increased demand for 'wrap-around' advertising on the commuter trains.

  • Multimodal Freight

Multimodal Freight Sdn. Bhd., incorporated in 1988, was licensed as a Government approved Container Haulier in 1991, and went on to obtain the Government approved Multimodal Transport Operator (MTO) status in 1999. The company operates a fleet of 225 Prime Movers and 1,300 trailer of both 20-feet and 40-feet configurations. The fleet is deployed at all major seaports and the inland ports of Ipoh and Nilai.[4]

  • KTMB Car Park

Formerly known as KTMB (Brickfields Yard) Sdn. Bhd. the company was incorporated in 1994 and was renamed KTMB (Car Park) Sdn. Bhd. in 1995. With over 70 employees, the company operates 16 car parks at selected train stations in Malaysia through its subsidiary KTMB Car Park Sdn Bhd. The subsidiary is looking to expand parking space in Seremban and Sungai Buloh stations.[5]

Modernisation

Since the corporatisation of KTMB, a programme of modernisation has been underway. In 1989, it embarked on the double-tracking and electrification of the trunk line between Rawang and Seremban, the branch lines between Batu Junction and Sentul and between Kuala Lumpur and Port Klang, allowing KTM Komuter services to start running in 1995.[6] The next major project was the Rawang-Ipoh double tracking and electrification project, which started in 2000, but delays held back it’s completion to 2008. This enabled ETS services to start in 2010, bringing electric traction to intercity travel in Malaysia for the first time. In 2002, the Malaysian government proposed the ambitious project of electrifying and double-tracking the entire western line and awarded contracts in 2003. The project was however put on hold by Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi until March 2007 when Deputy Prime Minister Najib Razak announced the project's revival. In April 2007, the government announced that contracts for certain portions of the project had been awarded. Since then, work has progressed rapidly, and presently the West Coast Line is electrified from Padang Besar to Gemas, with the remaining section to Johor Bahru set to be electrified in 2022.

Completed Projects

  • Rehabilitation of 327 km-long meter gauge tracks from Paloh to Singapore and from Slim River to the main Seremban line in Malaysia (1988–1994) (US$70 million)
  • Electrification and double tracking of the Rawang-Seremban route (1990–1994) (US$62 million)
  • Electrification and double tracking of the Kuala Lumpur-Port Klang railway route, including spur lines to Subang Jaya and Sentul (1991–1994) (US$66 million)
  • Construction of railway bridges, road over bridges and underpasses along the Rawang-Kajang route (1991–1994) (US$6 million)
  • Construction of railway bridges, road over bridges and underpasses along the Kajang-Seremban route (1991–1994) (US$16 million)
  • Widening of railway tunnels near Seremban (1994–1995) (US$4 million)
  • Construction of railway culverts and box pushing along the Nilai-Seremban route (1994–1995) (US$4 million)
  • Track linking Port Klang to Pulau Indah (1997–1999) (US$4 million)
  • Construction of the Port of Tanjung Pelepas, a rail link in Johor (1999–2002) (US$121 million)
  • Track works at Kuala Lumpur Sentral station (1999–2001) (RM14.3 million)
  • Electrification and double tracking of the Rawang-Ipoh route (2000-2008) (RM2.57 billion)
  • Electrification and double tracking of the Sentul-Batu Caves route (2006-2010) (RM515 million)
  • Electrification and double tracking of the Seremban-Gemas route (2008-2013) (RM3.45 billion)
  • Electrification and double tracking of the Ipoh-Padang Besar route (2008-2014) (RM12.5 billion)
  • Electrification and double tracking of Subang Jaya-Subang Airport route (2013-2018) (RM521 million)

Current Projects

  • Electrification and double tracking of Gemas-JB route (2018-2022)
  • Rehabilitation of tracks in the Klang Valley(KVDT) (2016-2024)[7]

Proposed projects

  • Outer Ring Railway Service to connect all suburbs in the Klang Valley without going through the city center.[8]
  • Construction of the Subang Jaya - Sungai Buloh Link which will act as a freight bypass to avoid freight trains from having to enter the Kuala Lumpur Komuter network. Works are divided into two phases; Phase 1 is from Subang Jaya - Subang Airport, Phase 2 is from Subang Airport - Sungai Buloh. As of now, Phase 1 had already been completed.
  • A new integrated station named Penang Sentral will be built which will connect KTM Railway, monorail, bus and ferry service in one building at Butterworth.
  • Extension of the ETS service to Hat Yai by 2021

Board of directors

  • Chairman: Y.B Datuk Dr. Rameli Musa .
  • CEO: Y. Brs Encik Mohd Hider Yusoff (Acting).
  • Non-independent, non-executive directors: Y. Brs Encik Mohd Hassan Ahmad , Y.Bhg Dato'Jana Santhiran a/l Muniayan , Y. Brs Encik Azhar Noraini.
  • Independent non-executive directors: Y. Bhg Datuk Ir. Kamarulzaman Zainal, Y. Brs Encik Md Salmi Abd Rahman, Y. Brs Encik Nazri Ismail.
  • Heads of strategic business units (headed by general managers):
    • Commuter services: Khair Johari ( Acting GM ).
    • Intercity and ETS services: Justine Jude.
    • Freight: Mohd Din ( Acting GM )

Previous and current logos

See also

References

  1. ^ http://landasan.info/services/ktmb/
  2. ^ Nathan, Darshini M (6 October 2007). "Back on track: KTMB upgrades to be competitive". Bizweek, The Star. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |newspaper= (help)
  3. ^ "KTM Distribution Company Info". KTM Berhad. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009.
  4. ^ "Multimodal Freight Sdn. Bhd. Company Info". KTM berhad.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "KTMB Car Park Company Info". KTM Berhad. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009.
  6. ^ "KTM projects introduction". Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
  7. ^ "Rehabilitation of double track could be ready in 5 years: Loke". Malaysiakini. 3 September 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Commuter line for suburbs". The Star. Archived from the original on 21 April 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2008.

External links

  • Keretapi Tanah Melayu Official Website
  • Keretapi.com - Railway Fan website