Kh-90 GELA
(NATO reporting name: AS-X-21)
TypeAir-to-surface missile
Place of originRussia
Production history
ManufacturerMKB Raduga, Turaevo TMKB Soyuz, TsAGI
Mass15 tons
Length8 - 9 m
Diameter0.8 - 0.9 m
Warheadvarious: HE, FAE, TBX, two nuclear each 1.2 Mt
Warhead weight200 kg to < 1.6 ton HE , 200 kg < 1.82 ton TNW

Enginebooster + Ramjet Raduga TMKB Soyuz (or Scramjet ?) TsAGI
Wingspan6 - 8 (7.2 m)
Propellantsolid propellant booster, liquid ramjet (or scramjet), kerosene
3000-4000[1] km
Maximum speed 4 - 5 - 6 Mach (can reach < 10-15 Mach)[citation needed]
inertial, TERCOM , GLONASS , Radar , IR IIR , TV camera , Opto-Electronic , CCD
Aircraft, can be loaded on ship ground TEL, maybe submarine

The Kh-90 GELA (Russian: ГЭЛА (гиперзвуковой экспериментальный летательный аппарат)) is a Soviet/Russian air-to-surface cruise missile. It was supposed to replace subsonic intermediate range missiles in the Soviet inventory. The missile was an ambitious project, as the main objective was to develop it into a hypersonic missile. It was to be a successor to the Kh-45, which never entered service.

The missile was designed by Raduga. It was equipped with a one-megaton thermonuclear warhead and used inertial navigation with mid-course update via data link. It had a maximum range of 3,000 km.

It was developed at the beginning of 1980, following the Kh-80 and Kholod projects.[2][3][4]

See also


  1. ^ "Американские военные сообщили об испытании Россией гиперзвуковой ракеты". Российская газета.
  2. ^ "В России создана гиперзвуковая ракета".
  3. ^ "Стратегическая крылатая ракета 3М-25 Метеорит (П-750 Гром ) - Ракетная техника".
  4. ^ "Х-90 ГЭЛА".

External links

  • "MilitaryRussia.Ru — отечественная военная техника (после 1945г.) - Статьи".
  • DB A5-90 (Russian Language)