Kidnapping in Canada

Summary

Kidnapping is a crime in Canada. Throughout its history, a number of incidents have taken place.

Prevalence

According to Canadian law enforcement agencies, about 50,492 missing children were reported to be missing in 2009.[1] From 2000-2001, of about 90 incidents reported, there were only two that were actually stranger abduction, and in all other cases, the reports were in error.[2]

However, parental kidnapping seems to be bigger issue. 83 out of 100 kidnapped children are found to be victim of parental abduction.[3] In 2009, there were 237 reported parental abductions.[1]

Law

Canadian law regards following instances to be a crime.

Every person commits an offence who abducts a person with intention.
To cause the person to be confined or imprisoned against the person’s consent;
To cause the person to be illegally sent or transported out of Canada against the person’s consent; or
To hold the person for release or to service against the person’s consent.[4]

Notable incidents

Date Victim(s) Abductor(s) Location Age of victim(s) Outcome Notes
October 5, 1970 James Cross and Pierre Laporte Front de libération du Québec militants Quebec, Canada 49 Released (Cross)
Murdered (Laporte)
Cross was a British diplomat and Laporte was Quebec provincial politician. Their kidnappings set off the 1970 October Crisis. Cross was released in exchange for passage of his abductors to Cuba.
August 17, 1994 Mindy Tran Unknown Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada 8 Murdered Tran disappeared from her neighbourhood just after supper. She rode her bike down her quiet street and vanished. Hundreds of people searched for the girl but her body wasn't found until six weeks later when a man with a divining rod led police to a shallow grave near her parents' home. She had been sexually assaulted and strangled.
31 July 2007. Cédrika Provencher Unknown Trois-Rivières, Canada 10 Murdered Her remains were discovered in December 2015.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b https://missingkids.ca/pdfs/MK_CanadianMissingChildrenStatistics_en.pdf
  2. ^ "The Abduction of Children by Strangers in Canada: Nature and Scope - Royal Canadian Mounted Police". Rcmp-grc.gc.ca. 2008-12-22. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  3. ^ "Canadian Child Abduction Facts iCHAPEAU Campaign Canada's iCHAPEAU Law". Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  4. ^ "279. Kidnapping | Criminal Code of Canada". Yourlaws.ca. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  5. ^ "CBC Digital Archives - Cold Cases: Unsolved Crimes in Canada - Cold Cases: Cédrika Provencher, Trois-Rivières (2007)". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2014-04-12.