Kikugawa

Summary

Kikugawa (菊川市, Kikugawa-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 48,484 in 17,916 households,[1] and a population density of 510 persons per km². The total area of the city is 94.19 square kilometres (36.37 sq mi). The city is known for production of green tea. The city's slogan is "Green for the Next Generation".

Kikugawa
菊川市
Kikugawa City Hall
Kikugawa City Hall
Flag of Kikugawa
Official logo of Kikugawa
Location of Kikugawa in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Kikugawa in Shizuoka Prefecture
Kikugawa is located in Japan
Kikugawa
Kikugawa
 
Coordinates: 34°45′N 138°5′E / 34.750°N 138.083°E / 34.750; 138.083Coordinates: 34°45′N 138°5′E / 34.750°N 138.083°E / 34.750; 138.083
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka
Government
 • MayorJunichi Ota (since January 2005, and former Kikugawa leader since January 1997)
Area
 • Total94.19 km2 (36.37 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2019)
 • Total48,484
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0537-35-2111
AddressHorinouchi-61, Kikugawa-shi, Shizuoka-ken
439-8650
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdGrey wagtail
FlowerChrysanthemum
TreeCamellia sinensis

GeographyEdit

Kikugawa is situated on the Makinohara Plateau of east-central Shizuoka. The Kikugawa River flows through the city. The area enjoys a warm maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters, and is subject to frequent fogs.

Surrounding MunicipalitiesEdit

Shizuoka Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Kikugawa has been relatively steady over the past 30 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 29,899—    
1950 37,537+25.5%
1960 36,941−1.6%
1970 35,365−4.3%
1980 38,081+7.7%
1990 43,762+14.9%
2000 47,036+7.5%
2010 47,035−0.0%

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Kikugawa is 15.1 °C (59.2 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,192.5 mm (86.32 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.7 °C (78.3 °F), and lowest in January, at around 4.7 °C (40.5 °F).[3]

Climate data for Kikugawa (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
21.4
(70.5)
24.4
(75.9)
28.3
(82.9)
30.8
(87.4)
34.8
(94.6)
36.9
(98.4)
37.4
(99.3)
35.1
(95.2)
31.2
(88.2)
24.6
(76.3)
21.5
(70.7)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
10.9
(51.6)
14.0
(57.2)
18.7
(65.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.2
(77.4)
28.9
(84.0)
30.1
(86.2)
26.8
(80.2)
22.0
(71.6)
17.2
(63.0)
12.0
(53.6)
19.8
(67.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
8.7
(47.7)
13.5
(56.3)
17.7
(63.9)
20.9
(69.6)
24.6
(76.3)
25.7
(78.3)
22.7
(72.9)
17.8
(64.0)
12.5
(54.5)
7.1
(44.8)
15.1
(59.2)
Average low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
0.9
(33.6)
4.1
(39.4)
8.9
(48.0)
13.6
(56.5)
17.7
(63.9)
21.7
(71.1)
22.7
(72.9)
19.7
(67.5)
14.5
(58.1)
8.6
(47.5)
2.9
(37.2)
11.3
(52.4)
Record low °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.8
(40.6)
10.6
(51.1)
15.0
(59.0)
17.7
(63.9)
11.6
(52.9)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.3
(2.81)
96.3
(3.79)
176.5
(6.95)
210.1
(8.27)
207.1
(8.15)
270.4
(10.65)
266.5
(10.49)
181.0
(7.13)
272.8
(10.74)
241.1
(9.49)
126.4
(4.98)
73.2
(2.88)
2,192.5
(86.32)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.8 6.5 10.2 10.3 10.6 13.0 12.1 9.5 12.2 10.4 7.5 6.1 114.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 209.3 188.5 194.5 198.0 195.5 136.6 167.3 216.6 158.8 162.7 175.4 201.8 2,209.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][3]

HistoryEdit

With the establishment of the modern municipalities system of the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, the area around modern Kikugawa was consolidated into eleven villages within Kitō District, Shizuoka Prefecture from 38 hamlets within former Tōtōmi Province. Kikugawa Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line train between Shizuoka and Hamamatsu opened on April 16, 1889 leading to an influx of population and development. Kitō District merged with neighboring Sano District to form Ogasa District, Shizuoka in 1896. Through the Taishō and Shōwa periods, Kikugawa developed as a center of green tea production and the tea trade. Kikugawa Town was created on January 1, 1954 through the merger of former Horinouchi Town with four surrounding villages.

The modern city of Kikugawa was established on January 17, 2005, from the merger of the former town of Kikugawa, absorbing the town of Ogasa (both from Ogasa District).

GovernmentEdit

Kikugawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 17 members. The city contributes one member to the Shizuoka Prefectural Assembly.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Kikugawa is primarily agricultural, with major crops including green tea, lettuce, blueberries, cantelope and aloe. Light industries include agricultural equipment manufacturing and automobile components manufacturing.

EducationEdit

Kikugawa has nine public elementary schools and three public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The city also have one private junior high school and two private high schools. The prefecture also operates a vocational school, the Shizuoka Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry College.

Kikugawa has three international schools:

  • Colégio Nippo-Objetivo de Kikugawa (Centro de Ensino Nippo-Brasileiro) - Brazilian primary school[5]
  • Centro Educacional Sorriso de Criança - Brazilian primary school[5]
  • Escola Brasileira Sol Nascente - Brazilian primary school[5]

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from KikugawaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kikugawa City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Kikugawa population statistics
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.

External linksEdit

  • Kikugawa City official website (in Japanese)