Kishtwar

Summary

Kishtwar
City
View of Chowgan Ground in Kishtwar town
View of Chowgan Ground in Kishtwar town
Kishtwar is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Kishtwar
Kishtwar
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Kishtwar is located in India
Kishtwar
Kishtwar
Kishtwar (India)
Coordinates: 33°19′N 75°46′E / 33.32°N 75.77°E / 33.32; 75.77Coordinates: 33°19′N 75°46′E / 33.32°N 75.77°E / 33.32; 75.77
Country India
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionJammu
RegionChenab Valley
DistrictKishtwar
Elevation
1,638 m (5,374 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total14,865
Demonym(s)Kishtwari
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Hindi, Urdu, Dogri, English[1][2]
 • SpokenKashmiri language by majority, Kishtwari, a local dialect of Kashmiri language, is spoken by Hindus
Bhoti is another local dialect
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
182204
Vehicle registrationJK17
Websitewww.kishtwar.nic.in

Kishtwar is a municipality in the Kishtwar District in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.[3] Kishtwar was carved out as a district from Doda district and started functioning as an independent administrative unit in the year 2007.[4]

Kishtwar town, the headquarters of Kishtwar District is situated at a distance of 211.5 km (131.4 mi) from the winter capital of Jammu. The altitude of the district varies from 3,000–15,000 ft (910–4,570 m) above mean sea level. Kishtwar is also known as the "Land of Kishat rishi, Sapphire and Saffron", as kishat rishi was the saint who lived here and there is mine a huge mine of Sapphire in Paddar area and rich cultivation of Saffron in Pochhal area in Kishtwar district. A large ground locally called as Chowgan is located in the heart of the town.[5] Kishtwar is surrounded by the districts Anantnag and Doda and also touches the boundaries of state Himachal Pradesh.

In 2013 the municipality was the location the Kishtwar Riots, which claimed three lives and injured 80 more,[6][7] and was a conflict between Muslim and Hindu communities that occurred in the aftermath of the Eid festival on 9 August 2013 at Kishtwar, Jammu and Kashmir.

Demographics

Religion in Kishtwar City (2011)[8]

  Islam (69.21%)
  Hinduism (29.59%)
  Sikhism (0.65%)
  Christianity (0.23%)
  Buddhism (0.16%)
  Not Stated (0.16%)

As of 2011 India census Kishtwar had a population of 14,865. Males constitute 63% of the population and females 37%. Kishtwar has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the Indian national average: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 42%. In Kishtwar, 11% of the population is under six years of age. The main language spoken here by the Muslims is Kashmiri and local Hindus of Kishtwar speak a local dialect of Kashmiri language called Kashtwari.[9] The dominant religion in Kishtwar is Islam with 69.21% population, with Hinduism with second-largest religion with 29.59%.[8]

Transport

Air

Kishtwar does not have its own airport as of now, though, there is a helipad in Kishtwar which is located just 3 kilometres north of the city of Kishtwar. The government had started a project in which Kishtwar is to get its own airstrip of 1200–1300 meters long in upcoming years. The government is upgrading it into a full-fledged airstrip.[10][11] The nearest airports to Kishtwar are Jammu Airport and Srinagar International Airport located 219 and 211 kilometres respectively.

Rail

There is no rail-connectivity to Kishtwar yet. The nearest railway station to Kishtwar is Banihal railway station located 174 kilometres from Kishtwar. The nearest major railway station is Udhampur railway station, located at a distance of 150 kilometres.

Road

Kishtwar is well-connected by roads to other places in Jammu and Kashmir and rest of India as several highways and roads pass through Kishtwar including NH 244.

References

  1. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ "District Kishtwar".
  4. ^ "History - Kishtwar". Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  5. ^ https://kishtwar.nic.in/tourist-place/chowgan-kishtwar/
  6. ^ Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (11 June 2013). "Curfew imposed in Rajouri; Jaitley may be sent back from airport". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  7. ^ Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (9 August 2013). "Kishtwar clashes: Top cops removed". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Kishtwar City Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  9. ^ Kashmiri, Ethnologue, retrieved 14 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Construction works of airstrip at Kishtwar to begin soon". The Dispatch. 30 May 2020. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Kishtwar in J&K to get full-fledged Airport". Press Information Bureau (Govt. of India). Retrieved 16 January 2018.