Knarr (keelboat)

Summary

The Knarr is a Norwegian sailboat that was designed in 1943 by Erling Kristoffersen as a racer, with the first production boat delivered in 1946. It is named for the Norse class of trading ships, the Knarr.[1][2][3]

Knarr
Knarr black.svg
Knarr Seilbåt.jpg
Development
DesignerErling Kristoffersen
LocationNorway
Year1946
No. built450
Builder(s)Grimsøykilen Boat Yard
Kilen Boat Yard
Børresen Bådebyggeri
Bootswerft Schneidereit
RoleRacer
NameKnarr
Crew3-4
Boat
Crew3-4
Boat weight4,905 lb (2,225 kg)
Draft4.26 ft (1.30 m)
Hull
Typemonohull
Constructionwood or fiberglass
LOA30.33 ft (9.24 m)
LWL20.37 ft (6.21 m)
Beam6.95 ft (2.12 m)
Hull appendages
Keel/board typefin keel
Ballast2,822 lb (1,280 kg)
Rudder(s)keel-mounted rudder
Rig
Rig typeBermuda rig
I foretriangle height25.43 ft (7.75 m)
J foretriangle base6.56 ft (2.00 m)
P mainsail luff31.00 ft (9.45 m)
E mainsail foot11.06 ft (3.37 m)
Sails
Sailplanfractional rigged sloop
Mainsail area171.43 sq ft (15.926 m2)
Jib/genoa area83.41 sq ft (7.749 m2)
Total sail area254.84 sq ft (23.675 m2)
Racing
D-PN91.0

ProductionEdit

The design was initially built at Grimsøykilen Boat Yard and Kilen Boat Yard in Norway and later by Børresen Bådebyggeri in Denmark. In 2004 production passed to Bootswerft Schneidereit of Germany, but that company ceased building boats on 31 May 2018 and it is now out of production. A total of 450 boats were produced.[1][2][4][5]

DevelopmentEdit

The design's concept dates to before 1940, when Willy H. Johannesen and Lars Walløe contacted Kristofersen about designing a replacement for the Nordic Folkboat, which was considered an ugly boat design in Norway. Kristofersen was approached due to having already designed other successful racing sailboats. With Norway under German occupation in the Second World War, work was slow and the design was not completed until 1943. The choice of iron for the keel was dictated by wartime restrictions making lead unobtainable.[6]

Work on the prototype started in 1944 at Einar Iversen's property in Grimsøy, near Sarpsborg, which later grew into Grimsøykilen Boat Yard. The Germans imposed strict regulations on boatbuilding and sailing during the war, but Iversen was allowed to continue work, by promising the first boat to the Germans. He claimed that the prototype as completed was too flawed and promised the Germans the second one, which was constructed in the winter of 1944-45. The occupation of Norway ended before the German boat was delivered and the first production boats were delivered in 1946.[6]

DesignEdit

The Knarr is a recreational keelboat that was initially built of mahogany or fir wood on a hull-shaped last. Wooden construction avoided the use of strategic materials during the Second World War. In 1974 the design was converted by Børresen Bådebyggeri to fiberglass construction, with wooden trim, starting with hull number 129. The fiberglass version preserves the weight and balance of the wooden version.[1][2][3]

The boat has a fractional sloop rig, initially with spruce wood spars and later with aluminum. The forestay set well aft of the bow. The hull has a spooned, raked stem; a raised counter, angled transom; a keel-mounted rudder controlled by a tiller and a fixed fin keel. It displaces 4,905 lb (2,225 kg) and carries 2,822 lb (1,280 kg) of iron ballast.[1][2][3]

The boat has a draft of 4.26 ft (1.30 m) with the standard keel. For sailing the design is equipped with only a mainsail and jib, no spinnaker.[1][3]

The design has a Portsmouth Yardstick racing average handicap of 91.0 and is normally raced by a crew of three to four sailors.[2]

Operational historyEdit

The boat is supported by three active class clubs that organize racing events, the Norsk Knarrklubb founded in 1951 in Norway, the Dansk Knarr Klub formed in 1955 in Denmark and the Knarr Class of San Francisco Bay in the United States. [7][8][9]

As of 2011 there were racing fleets in Norway, Denmark and San Francisco Bay, with some boats also located in Germany and France. In 1968, the national clubs created an International Knarr Championship, which is held sequentially in Oslo and Bergen, Norway, San Francisco and Denmark.[3]

 
A Knarr Regatta on San Francisco Bay in 2009

The design was introduced to San Francisco in 1953 by Einar Iversen's son, Bjørn Iversen, who was attending Stanford University. The design proved well-suited to the windy conditions and the chop of San Francisco Bay and gained a following there.[6]

In 1966, the Knarr Irina was sailed by Georg V. Erpecom Jr. from Bergen to the Centenary Regatta in Copenhagen and then to Oslo, the longest voyage that had been sailed by a Knarr up until that time. Erpecom was awarded the Royal Norwegian Yacht Club's Cruise Racing Trophy for the trip.[6]

In 1967 the Royal Danish Yacht Club presented Margrethe II of Denmark and Prince Henrik a Knarr as a wedding gift.[6]

See alsoEdit

Similar sailboats

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Knarr sailboat". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Sherwood, Richard M.: A Field Guide to Sailboats of North America, Second Edition, pages 132-133. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1994. ISBN 0-395-65239-1
  3. ^ a b c d e "Om båden". Dansk Knarr Klub. 2 April 2011. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  4. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Børresen Bådebyggeri". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  5. ^ Bootswerft Schneidereit (31 May 2018). "Achtung". bootswerft-schneidereit.de. Archived from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020. Trans: Attention - As of 31.05.2018 I have stopped building boats as my main occupation. Only service work and smaller repairs are still carried out.
  6. ^ a b c d e Hedal Haugerud, Morten (7 May 2013). "Knarrens historie". Norsk Knarrklubb. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  7. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Knarr Class (DEN)". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  8. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Knarr Class Norway". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  9. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Knarr Class of San Francisco Bay". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2020.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Knarr (keelboat) at Wikimedia Commons