Kollam Municipal Corporation

Summary

Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC) is an ISO 9001:2015 certified civic body that governs the city of Kollam in the Indian state of Kerala.[2][3][4][5] It is the fourth-largest city corporation by population in the state, and the fifth-largest by area. Constituted in 1903 it was officially recognized as a city corporation in 2000.[6] The body governs an area of 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi) centered at Kollam, with about 55 divisions and a population of 397,419.[7]

Kollam Municipal Corporation
Logo of Kollam Municipal Corporation
Logo of KMC
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1 October 2000; 21 years ago (2000-10-01)
Became Municipality in the year 1921.
Leadership
Prasanna Earnest, CPI(M)
Kollam Madhu
Structure
Seats55 councils
Kollam Municipal Corporation council after 2020 election, Dec 2020.svg
Political groups
Government
  CPI(M): 29 seats
  CPI: 10 seats
Opposition
  INC: 6 seats
  RSP: 3 seats
  BJP: 6 seats
  SDPI: 1 seat
Committees
8
  • Development standing committee
  • Education & Sports standing committee
  • Finance standing committee
  • Health standing committee
  • Public works standing committee
  • Tax appeal standing committee
  • Town planning standing committee
  • Welfare standing committee
Elections
Last election
2020 - LDF Won LDF LOGO.svg
Meeting place
Kollam Municipal Corporation Office, Aug 2016.jpg
Corporation Office, Cantonment, Kollam
Website
www.kollamcorporation.gov.in
Footnotes
ISO 9001:2015 certification (May 2019) for the best Municipal administration and services.[1]

HistoryEdit

Kollam, known historically as Quilon, was an ancient trade hub and one of the largest port cities in Asia.[8][9] The population density of the coastal belt of Kollam is very high compared to any other city in the state. After the constitution of Kochi, it became a corporation in 1967 as there were intense demands to upgrade the densely populated Kollam City into a City Corporation. As a result, on 1 October 2000, Kollam Municipality was upgraded to a Municipal Corporation by the Kerala Government.

The city population of Kollam increased substantially from 139,852 in 1991 to 346,013 in 2011. In 1991, the Vadakkevila, Sakthikulangara, Eravipuram and Kilikollur Panchayats were merged with Kollam City. As a result, the area run by the Municipal Corporation increased from 18.48 square kilometres (7.14 sq mi) to 58.18 square kilometres (22.46 sq mi).[10] In May 2015, Thrikkadavoor Panchayat was also merged with Kollam city, increasing the total population to 397,419, with a total area of 73.03 square kilometres (28.20 sq mi).[11][12]

StructureEdit

Kollam Municipal Corporation (KMC)
Mayor Prasanna Earnest
Police Commissioner P. K. Madhu IPS
Deputy Mayor Kollam Madhu
Secretary Sajeev P.K
District Collector Smt. AFSANA PERWEEN IAS

The City Corporation of Kollam has a 55-member council headed by a mayor, who is assisted by a deputy mayor.[13] The average population of every ward is around 7,000. Each ward is represented in the Municipal Council by an elected councilor. The Kerala Municipalities (KM) Act, 1994, governs all functions in the KMC.[10] The Corporation has eight standing committees for smooth governance of the city.[14] Each of these committees is headed by an elected councilor, who serves as its chairperson.[15][16] The standing committees are: Finance, Development, Welfare, Health and Education, Public works, Town planning, Tax appeal and Education and Sports.

ZonesEdit

 
Map of Kollam City

For ease of administration, the KMC is divided into the following seven zones, each housing a zonal office: Central Zone - 1, Central Zone - 2, Sakthikulangara Zone, Vadakkevila Zone, Kilikollur Zone, Eravipuram Zone and Thrikkadavoor Zone.[17]

CouncilsEdit

The KMC consists of 55 divisions or councils spread across its seven zones.

In 2014, Mrs. Prasanna Earnest, then-mayor of Kollam was selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal.[18]

FunctionsEdit

 
Apartments built at Cantonment area in Kollam Corporation under RAY Project for providing housing in the urban places

As per the Kerala Municipal Act of 1994, the Government of Kerala transferred powers and functions to local self-governments in 1995, along with institutions, offices, and functionaries. Consequently, 18 functions are maintained by the Municipal Corporation:[10][19]

  • Regulation of land use and construction of buildings
  • Roads and bridges
  • Sanitation and Solid Waste Management
  • Slum improvement/upgradation
  • Urban poverty alleviation
  • Provision of urban amenities such as parks and playgrounds
  • Promotion of cultural, educational, and aesthetic aspects
  • Burial grounds and crematoria
  • Cattle pounds
  • Public health - Sewerage, water supply
  • Registration of births and deaths
  • Public conveniences including street lighting, parking lots, etc.
  • Regulation of slaughterhouses
  • Spatial planning (urban and socio-economic planning)
  • Urban forestry
  • Fire fighting
  • Education
  • Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections

Revenue sourcesEdit

The following are the Income sources for the Corporation from the Central and State Government.[20][21][22]

Revenue from taxesEdit

Following is the Tax related revenue for the corporation.

  • Property tax.
  • Profession tax.
  • Entertainment tax.
  • Grants from Central and State Government like Goods and Services Tax.
  • Advertisement tax.

Revenue from non-tax sourcesEdit

Following is the Non Tax related revenue for the corporation.

  • Water usage charges.
  • Fees from Documentation services.
  • Rent received from municipal property.
  • Funds from municipal bonds.

Kollam City Corporation Election historyEdit

The first local body election after Kollam municipality was upgraded to a corporation took place in 2000.

Election Result - 2020Edit

S.No. Political Front/Party Major Party's symbol Number of Corporators
1 Left Democratic Front (LDF)   39
2 United Democratic Front (UDF) 9
3 National Democratic Alliance (NDA)   6
4 Others   1

Election Result - 2015Edit

S.No. Political Front/Party Major Party's symbol Number of Corporators
1 Left Democratic Front (LDF}   36
2 United Democratic Front (UDF) 16
3 National Democratic Alliance (NDA)   02
4 Others   1

Election historyEdit

Since the incorporation of the KMC in 2000, only the LDF has been in power.

Year of election LDF UDF NDA Others Total seats Winner Source
2020 39 9 6 1 55 LDF   3 [23]
2015 36 16 2 1 55 LDF   2 [24]
2010 34 19 0 2 55 LDF   2 [25]
2005 36 10 0 6 52 LDF   11 [26]
2000 25 20 0 5 50 LDF [27]

Mayors of KollamEdit

Mayors of Kollam
Incumbent From Until Party
Sabitha Beegam 5 October 2000 30 September 2005 CPI(M)
N. Padmalochanan 6 October 2005 25 February 2010 CPI(M)
V. Rajendrababu 16 March 2010 1 October 2010 CPI(M)
Prasanna Earnest 9 November 2010 7 November 2014 CPI(M)
Honey Benjamin 25 November 2014 31 October 2015 CPI
V. Rajendrababu 18 November 2015 20 November 2019 CPI(M)
Honey Benjamin 16 December 2019 4 November 2020 CPI
Prasanna Earnest 27 December 2020 Present CPI(M)
Source(s):[28][29][30][31][32][33][34]

Former Municipal Chairmen of Old Quilon MunicipalityEdit

Former Municipal Chairmen of Old Quilon Municipality
Incumbent From Until
C. Sankara Menon 1921 1922
Barrister Padmanabhapillai 1922 1925
M. R. Govinda Pillai 1925 1927
M. R. Madhava Varrier 1927 1930
Paravoor Narayana Pillai 1930 1932
K. G. Parameswaran Pillai 1932 1948
Palakasseri Raghavan 1948 1952
P. R. Kochukrishna Pillai 1952 1956
K. Kesavan Potti 1956 1960
Sankaranarayanan Potti 1960 1962
T. K. Divakaran 1962 1967
S. Abdul Rahuman Koya 15 March 1967 29 April 1968
N. Thankappan 13 May 1968 7 March 1980
Karumalil Sukumaran 2 June 1980 7 May 1982
K. Thankappan 28 August 1982 22 November 1983
C. Raghavan Pillai 1 December 1983 29 September 1984
Gopalakrishnapillai 26 October 1984 10 April 1985
C. V. Ananda Bose 26 April 1985 9 July 1987
Neelagangadharan 5 August 1987 4 February 1988
Karumalil Sukumaran 17 November 1988 30 September 1995
K. Thankappan 4 October 1995 1 April 1998
Prof. N. G. Moorthy 4 May 1998 5 October 1999
Uliyakovil Sasi 29 October 1999 30 September 2000
Source(s):[35]

Annual budgetEdit

A budget will be presented on either January or February month of every year in Kollam Corporation. It usually envisages expenditure, revenue and surplus for that financial year.

Budget Year Actual Surplus
(from last FY)
Expenditure Revenue Surplus
2022-23 NAr ₹1193.41 cr ₹1292.81cr ₹99.40 cr[36]
2021-22 ₹165.41 cr ₹1077.41 cr ₹1124.23 cr ₹46.82 cr[37]
2020-21 ₹117.56 cr ₹336.21 cr ₹384 cr NA
2019-20 NA ₹584.74 cr ₹617.13 cr ₹32.38 cr[38]
2018-19 NA NA NA NA
2017-18 NA NA NA NA
2016-17 NA NA NA NA
2015-16 NA ₹716.17 cr ₹754.88 cr ₹38.71 cr[39]

Kollam Corporation projects under construction/ completedEdit

 
Chinnakada Underpass and Clocktower

Chinnakada UnderpassEdit

 
Marine Aquarium under construction at Kollam Beach

The Chinnakada underpass is a public road infrastructure project for the city of Kollam, as part of the Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project. It is supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to ease traffic congestion at Chinnakada, the city CBD of Kollam.[40] The presence of an existing railway over-bridge and three close intersections with heavy traffic limits options for traffic management measures, including junction improvement. This caused the authorities to conceptualize the underpass at Chinnakada. Chinnakada is a complex junction where roads from Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Downtown, Sengottai, Ashramam(Residency Road), Kollam Beach and the City bus stand road meet.

The preliminary design prepared for the underpass by the National Transportation Planning and Research Centre (NATPAC) involved the acquisition of 0.08 hectares (0.20 acres) of government land on a temporary basis.[41] The height of the road passage above the underpass was increased to 5.5 metres (18 ft) from 5 metres (16 ft) to facilitate movement of modern container trucks through the underpass. The underpass was opened to the public at the end of May 2015.[42][43]

Marine Aquarium at Kollam BeachEdit

On 22 June 2014, construction work started on a marine aquarium at Kollam Beach—the first of its kind in the state of Kerala. The Harbour Engineering Department constructed the aquarium on the eastern side of the beach for the KMC. The foundation stone for the project was laid in March 2014 and it was inaugurated on 14 July 2019. The aquarium has 24 tanks worth Rs. 25 lakh, a pool with a 12,000-litre capacity, and 18 varieties of fish. The facility is open to the public in the evenings.[44][45]

Popular activities/ achievementsEdit

  • ISO 9001:2015 certification: In May 2019, Kollam City Corporation achieved the ISO 9001: 2015 certification for the best municipal administration and services.[46]
  • IUDI Conclave: The city hosted a three-day national conclave, 'Kollam City Vision', 20–22 September 2019. Jointly organised by the KMC and the Institute of Urban Designers India (IUDI), this was the second-ever IUDI conclave and the first one outside New Delhi.[47][48]
  • E-governance facilities: On 4 November 2019, the KMC launched the Intelligent Property Management System (IPMS) to regulate the recording and tax-filing of properties, and Integrated Management System (IMS), an e-governance facility. A touch-screen ‘information kiosk’ has been placed in front of the KMC headquarters in Kollam Cantonment for the public to clear their queries, track applications and search for information. A digital screen, replacing notice boards, has been placed inside the office to provide information to the public.[49]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Kollam Corporation achieved ISO Certification, 17 May 2019, archived from the original on 18 June 2019, retrieved 18 June 2019
  3. ^ "Municipal Corporations in Kerala - Kollam". Archived from the original on 9 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Kollam Municipal Corporation Details". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Corporation zonal office, Kollam". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Office of the Chief Town Planner". Townplanning.kerala.gov.in. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  8. ^ Ignatius Pereira (21 February 2014). "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  9. ^ Ignatius Pereira (26 February 2014). "Shards of the past point to Kollam port's glory days". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Rapid Baseline Assessment in Kollam City - Ministry of Urban Development Archived 14 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Thrikadavur becomes part of Kollam city". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Thrikadavur Panchayath". Thrikadavur Panchayath. Archived from the original on 12 June 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Kollam Corporation Council". Archived from the original on 10 September 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Committees in Kerala Corporations - Kollam". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Kollam Corporation Standing Committees". Archived from the original on 28 April 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
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  18. ^ "Award for Kollam Mayor". The Hindu. 3 April 2014. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  19. ^ "Thrust on poverty alleviation in Kollam". Archived from the original on 17 February 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  20. ^ Jadhav, Radheshyam (3 December 2020). "Why civic bodies in India need municipal bonds". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  21. ^ "Municipal corporations under severe strain as revenues sink: RBI Report". Business Today. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  22. ^ "If cities are to deliver better quality life, need to have business models which are sustainable". Financialexpress. 17 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
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  24. ^ "LDF romps home in Kollam". The New Indian Express. 8 November 2015. Archived from the original on 15 February 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  25. ^ "Hat-trick win for LDF in Kollam Corporation". The New Indian Express. 16 May 2010. Archived from the original on 12 November 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
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  27. ^ "Local body election result - 2000" (PDF). Government of Kerala. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 November 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  28. ^ "Hat-trick win for LDF in Kollam Corporation". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  29. ^ "Jamshedpur Utilities & Services Company Limited". Juscoltd.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  30. ^ "Prasanna Earnest to be Kollam Mayor". The Hindu. 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  31. ^ "Honey Benjamin New Mayor of Kollam". The New Indian Express. 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  32. ^ "Honey Benjamin New Mayor of Kollam". Deccan Chronicle. 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 27 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  33. ^ "CPI(M) rides to power in five of six corporations in Kerala". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 12 January 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  34. ^ "CPM to Announce Prasanna Ernest As Mayor Of Kollam Today |Kerala| Mathrubhumi Tv". Mathrubhumi Tv. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  35. ^ "Former Municipal Chairmen". Kollam Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 25 December 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
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  39. ^ "Housing gets priority in Kollam Corporation budget". The Hindu. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  40. ^ Chinnakada underpass: dispute settled
  41. ^ "ADB Resettlement Planning Document - Chinnakada underpass" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
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  43. ^ "Traffic remains messy at Chinnakada - The Hindu". Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
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  48. ^ "National meet of urban designers from Friday". Times of India. 20 September 2019. Archived from the original on 25 October 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  49. ^ "Kollam corp launches e-governance facilities". Times of India. 6 November 2019. Archived from the original on 4 January 2020. Retrieved 6 November 2019.

External linksEdit

  • Kollam Corporation Opens Marine Aquarium at Kollam Beach