Konan, Shiga

Summary

Konan (湖南市, Konan-shi) is a city located in southern Shiga Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2021, the city had an estimated population of 54,607 in 24305 households and a population density of 780 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 70.4 square kilometres (27.2 sq mi).

Konan
湖南市
Konan City Hall
Konan City Hall
Flag of Konan
Official logo of Konan
Konan in Shiga prefecture Ja.svg
Konan is located in Japan
Konan
Konan
 
Coordinates: 35°0′N 136°5′E / 35.000°N 136.083°E / 35.000; 136.083Coordinates: 35°0′N 136°5′E / 35.000°N 136.083°E / 35.000; 136.083
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureShiga
Government
 • MayorEigo Tanihata
Area
 • Total70.40 km2 (27.18 sq mi)
Population
 (September 1, 2021)
 • Total54,607
 • Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeUtsukushimatsu, a variety of Japanese red pine
- FlowerSatsuki azalea
- BirdJapanese bush warbler
City Hall address1-1 Chūō, Konan-shi, Shiga-ken 520-3288
WebsiteOfficial website
Zensui-ji in Konan

GeographyEdit

Konan, as its name implies, is south of Lake Biwa in the center of the southern portion of Shiga Prefecture The city does not actually border the lake. The Ansei Mountains are in the south of the city and the Iwane Mountains in the north, with the Yasu River running from east-to-west through the center.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Shiga Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Konan has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Konan is 14.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1430 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.6 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Konan increased rapidly in the 1970s, but has remained relatively stable for the past 30 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 10,829—    
1930 11,275+4.1%
1940 11,291+0.1%
1950 15,066+33.4%
1960 15,033−0.2%
1970 18,646+24.0%
1980 32,729+75.5%
1990 46,093+40.8%
2000 53,740+16.6%
2010 54,665+1.7%

HistoryEdit

Konan is part of ancient Ōmi Province and contains Ishibe-juku, the 51st post station on the route of the Tōkaidō highway connecting Heian-kyō with the eastern provinces during the Edo period. The village of Ishibe was established within Kōka District, Shiga with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was elevated to town status on June 1, 1903. On October 1, 2004, Ishibe merged with the neighboring town of Kōsei (also from Kōka District) to form the city of Konan.[4] I

GovernmentEdit

Konan has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 18 members. Konan contributes two members to the Shiga Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Shiga 4th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Konan is centered on agriculture and light manufacturing. Th Konan Industrial Park on the Meishin Expressway is the largest industrial parks in the prefecture.

EducationEdit

Konan has nine public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government. There are two public high schools operated by the Shiga Prefectural Department of Education. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  JR WestKusatsu Line

HighwayEdit

Friendship city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

  • Zensui-ji, Buddhist temple with National Treasure main hall
  • Chōjū-ji, Buddhist temple with National Treasure main hall
  • Jōraku-ji, Buddhist temple with National Treasure main hall and three-story pagoda
  • site of Ishibe-juku

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Konan city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Konan climate data
  3. ^ Konan population statistics
  4. ^ philbert. "Kosei and Ishibe merge to form Konan – Shiga Blog – by Philbert Ono". Retrieved 2020-01-19.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Konan, Shiga at Wikimedia Commons
  • Konan City official website (in Japanese)