Konotop

Summary

Konotop (Ukrainian: Конотоп [konoˈtoˑp] (listen)) is a city in Sumy Oblast in northeastern Ukraine. Konotop serves as the administrative center of Konotop Raion. Konotop is located about 129 km from Sumy, the oblast administrative center. It is host to Konotop air base, now held by Ukraine. The population is 84,787 (2021 est.).[1]

Konotop
Конотоп
City
Counterclockwise (from upper right): Shukhiv Tower, Myr Cinema, Ascension Cathedral, Konotop City Council Building, Monument of Horse, Konotop railway station and tram
Counterclockwise (from upper right): Shukhiv Tower, Myr Cinema, Ascension Cathedral, Konotop City Council Building, Monument of Horse, Konotop railway station and tram
Flag of Konotop
Coat of arms of Konotop
Konotop is located in Sumy Oblast
Konotop
Konotop
Konotop is located in Ukraine
Konotop
Konotop
Coordinates: 51°13′N 33°12′E / 51.217°N 33.200°E / 51.217; 33.200Coordinates: 51°13′N 33°12′E / 51.217°N 33.200°E / 51.217; 33.200
Country Ukraine
OblastSumy
RaionKonotop
Founded1634
Government
 • MayorArtem Semenikhin (Svoboda)
Area
 • Total43.78 km2 (16.90 sq mi)
Elevation
142 m (466 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total84,787
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal codes
41600–41615
Area code(s)+380 5447
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

During the beginning of the 17th century, Cossacks were first based in that area. The settlement was first mentioned in 1634 in various documents as Novoselytsia. In 1642 a Polish fortress was built in that place named after the river Konotopka. Probably the river disappeared, and another one was created, Yezuch. The fortification became a key point in the struggle against the Moscow state.

Another hypothesis is that the name of the city could originate[2] from the name of the ancient Warmian knyaz (князь) Christopher of Kononowitz of the noble Polish-Belarusian-Lithuanian family Kononowicz-Piłsudski that still exists and uses the Polish coat of arms of Radwan. The name "Konotop" would then mean “the place of Kono(nowitz)” from adjoining the suffix topos (cf. Ancient Greek τόπος) meaning place or location.

In 1659 the Battle of Konotop took place near the city, in which Cossacks led by Ivan Vyhovsky (allied with Poles and Crimean Tatars) defeated Muscovite forces. In 1782 Konotop was granted municipal rights.[3]

During World War II, Konotop was occupied by the German Army from 3 September 1941 to 6 September 1943. Details of this are recounted in the book The Forgotten Soldier by Guy Sajer. The Germans operated a Nazi prison and the Stalag 310 prisoner-of-war camp in the city.[4][5]

2022 Russian invasion of UkraineEdit

On February 25, 2022, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the city was reported to be under siege by Russian forces on their way to Kyiv.[6] Ukraine later stated that it had lost control of the city.[7] The mayor Artem Seminikhin stated on 2 March that Russian troops who had entered the city had warned him that they would destroy the city if the residents resisted them.[8] An agreement was reached under which Russian forces accepted not to change the city's government or deploy troops, in return for which the residents would not attack them.[9] On 3 April, Ukrainian MP Olexander Kachura stated on Twitter that all Russian forces had left Konotop Raion.[10] On 4 April 2022 Sumy Oblast's Governor Dmytro Zhyvytskyi stated that Russian troops no longer occupied any towns or villages in Sumy Oblast and had mostly withdrawn, while Ukrainian troops were working to push out the remaining units.[11]

EconomyEdit

The main industrial enterprises of the city include the Konotop Casting and Mechanical Plant, the Motordetal Plant, the Konotop Fittings Plant, the Konotop Car Repair Plant, the Aviakon Aircraft Repair Plant, a mechanical plant, a garment factory, a meat processing plant (Konotopmyaso OJSC), a dairy plant, and a bakery plant. Konotop is an important mechanical engineering center, food production center.

TransportEdit

The city is an important transportation center. Various railroad connections from Konotop include: MoscowKyiv, SimferopolMinsk, BakhmachKyiv, BryanskSumy/Belgorod. Furthermore, Konotop is one of the smallest cities in the country with its own tram system.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Konotop (1991–2020, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
14.0
(57.2)
22.0
(71.6)
29.9
(85.8)
33.1
(91.6)
35.8
(96.4)
35.9
(96.6)
39.0
(102.2)
35.0
(95.0)
27.2
(81.0)
18.0
(64.4)
12.6
(54.7)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−0.9
(30.4)
5.0
(41.0)
14.3
(57.7)
21.0
(69.8)
24.4
(75.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.7
(78.3)
19.4
(66.9)
12.0
(53.6)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
12.4
(54.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
1.1
(34.0)
9.1
(48.4)
15.3
(59.5)
19.0
(66.2)
20.7
(69.3)
19.6
(67.3)
13.9
(57.0)
7.5
(45.5)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
8.0
(46.4)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.3
(39.7)
9.7
(49.5)
13.7
(56.7)
15.4
(59.7)
13.9
(57.0)
9.0
(48.2)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
4.0
(39.2)
Record low °C (°F) −32.9
(−27.2)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.8
(37.0)
6.1
(43.0)
3.8
(38.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−9.2
(15.4)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−32.9
(−27.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
37
(1.5)
37
(1.5)
37
(1.5)
59
(2.3)
58
(2.3)
71
(2.8)
48
(1.9)
47
(1.9)
44
(1.7)
42
(1.7)
45
(1.8)
571
(22.5)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches) 10
(3.9)
13
(5.1)
8
(3.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
6
(2.4)
13
(5.1)
Average rainy days 8 8 8 12 13 15 14 11 14 13 13 10 139
Average snowy days 19 17 11 2 0.1 0 0 0 0.1 2 10 18 79
Average relative humidity (%) 84.4 82.0 77.0 67.2 64.1 69.2 70.8 70.6 76.9 80.6 86.3 86.3 76.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42.5 69.1 139.9 190.6 283.2 272.6 288.8 267.1 170.0 110.1 40.6 30.5 1,905
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[12]
Source 2: World Meteorological Organization (humidity and sun 1981–2010)[13]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ "Въ лЂто 6478 [970] - 6494 [986]. Лаврентіївський літопис".
  3. ^ "Nazwiska".
  4. ^ "Gefängnis Konotop". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  5. ^ "German Camps". Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Russian Military Moves Towards Ukraine Capital". www.newsweek.com. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  7. ^ Ward, Alexander. "'Almost not possible' for Ukraine to win without West's help, Ukraine official says". Politico. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-26.
  8. ^ Valeria Polischuk. "Мер Конотопа: місту поставили ультиматум - за опір накриють артилерією". RBC Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  9. ^ Natalia Gurkovskaya. "Бої на Сумщині – влада Конотопа провела переговори з окупантами після ультиматуму". RBC Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  10. ^ @SputnikATO (3 April 2022). "⚡️Конотопский район освобожден от российских оккупантов. Об этом сообщил нардеп Александр Качура.Еще вчера глава…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  11. ^ Russian troops no longer hold any settlements in Ukraine's Sumy region, says governor, National Post (4 April 2022)
  12. ^ "Климат Конотопа (Climate of Konotop)" (in Russian). Погода и климат (Weather and Climate). Archived from the original on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  13. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.

External linksEdit

  • (in Ukrainian) Official website
  • JewUa.org – History of Jewish Community in Konotop