|Jurisdiction||Government of North Korea|
The Korean Committee of Space Technology (KCST; Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회, Hanja: 朝鮮宇宙空間技術委員會) was the agency of the government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) responsible for the country's space program. The agency was terminated and succeeded by the National Aerospace Development Administration in 2013 after the Law on Space Development was passed in the 7th session of the 12th Supreme People's Assembly.
Very little information on it is publicly available. It is known to have been founded sometime in the 1980s, and most likely is connected to the Artillery Guidance Bureau of the Korean People's Army.
The KCST was responsible for all operations concerning space exploration and construction of satellites. On 12 March 2009, North Korea signed the Outer Space Treaty and the Registration Convention, after a previous declaration of preparations for a new satellite launch.
The DPRK twice announced that it had launched satellites: Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 on 31 August 1998 and Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 on 5 April 2009. The US and South Korea predicted that the launches would in actuality be military ballistic missile tests, but later confirmed that they had followed orbital launch trajectories.
In 2009, the DPRK announced more ambitious future space projects including own manned space flights and development of a manned partially reusable launch vehicle. Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 was launched on 13 April 2012 and ended in failure shortly after launch. A follow-up attempt the following December, Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2 entered polar orbit as confirmed by various countries.
This is a list of satellites launched.
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1||31 August 1998||Taepodong-1||Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground||Failed to reach orbit||Technology experimental satellite|
|4 July 2006||Unha-1||Launch Failure||Rocket test (See 2006 North Korean missile test)|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2||5 April 2009||Unha-2||Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground||Failed to reach orbit||Communications satellite|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3||13 April 2012||Unha-3||Sohae Satellite Launching Station||Launch Failure||Observation satellite|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2||12 December 2012||Unha-3||Sohae Satellite Launching Station||Successful launch||Observation satellite|
|Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4||7 February 2016||Unha||Sohae Satellite Launching Station||Successful launch||Observation satellite|