|Mission type||Optical imaging reconnaissance|
|Harvard designation||1962 Beta Zeta 1|
|Mission duration||4 days|
|Spacecraft type||Vostok-2 s/n T15000-03|
|Launch mass||4610 kg |
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||17 October 1962|
|Launch site||Baikonur, Site 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||21 October 1962|
|Landing site||Steppe in Kazakhstan|
|Reference system||Geocentric |
|Perigee altitude||197 km|
|Apogee altitude||367 km|
|Epoch||17 October 1962|
Kosmos 10 (Russian: Космос 10 meaning Cosmos 10), also known as Zenit-2 No.5, was a Soviet reconnaissance satellite launched in 1962. It was the tenth satellite to be designated under the Kosmos system, and the fourth successful launch of a Soviet reconnaissance satellite, following Kosmos 4, Kosmos 7 and Kosmos 9.
Kosmos 10 was a Zenit-2 satellite, a first generation, low resolution, reconnaissance satellite derived from the Vostok spacecraft used for crewed flights, the satellites were developed by OKB-1. In addition to reconnaissance, it was also used for research into radiation in support of the Vostok programme. It had a mass of 4,610 kilograms (10,160 lb).
The Vostok-2, s/n T15000-03, was used to launch Kosmos 10. The launch was conducted from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, and occurred at 09:21 GMT on 21 October 1962. Kosmos 10 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 197 kilometres (122 mi), an apogee of 367 kilometres (228 mi), an inclination of 65.0°, and an orbital period of 90.2 minutes. It conducted a four-day mission, before being deorbited and landing by parachute on 21 October 1962, and recovered by the Soviet forces in the steppe in Kazakhstan.