Kosmos 10

Summary

Kosmos 10
Mission typeOptical imaging reconnaissance
Radiation
Harvard designation1962 Beta Zeta 1
COSPAR ID1962-054A
SATCAT no.00437
Mission duration4 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeVostok-2 s/n T15000-03
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass4610 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date17 October 1962
09:21:00 GMT
RocketVostok-2
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 1/5
ContractorOKB-1
End of mission
DisposalRecovered
Landing date21 October 1962
Landing siteSteppe in Kazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude197 km
Apogee altitude367 km
Inclination65.0°
Period90.2 minutes
Epoch17 October 1962
 

Kosmos 10 (Russian: Космос 10 meaning Cosmos 10), also known as Zenit-2 No.5, was a Soviet reconnaissance satellite launched in 1962. It was the tenth satellite to be designated under the Kosmos system, and the fourth successful launch of a Soviet reconnaissance satellite, following Kosmos 4, Kosmos 7 and Kosmos 9.[3]

Spacecraft

Kosmos 10 was a Zenit-2 satellite, a first generation, low resolution, reconnaissance satellite derived from the Vostok spacecraft used for crewed flights, the satellites were developed by OKB-1. In addition to reconnaissance, it was also used for research into radiation in support of the Vostok programme. It had a mass of 4,610 kilograms (10,160 lb).[1]

Mission

The Vostok-2, s/n T15000-03, was used to launch Kosmos 10.[4] The launch was conducted from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, and occurred at 09:21 GMT on 21 October 1962.[5] Kosmos 10 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 197 kilometres (122 mi), an apogee of 367 kilometres (228 mi), an inclination of 65.0°, and an orbital period of 90.2 minutes.[2] It conducted a four-day mission, before being deorbited and landing by parachute on 21 October 1962, and recovered by the Soviet forces in the steppe in Kazakhstan.[6]

It was the last four-day test flight of the Zenit-2 programme, before the system became fully operational and began making eight-day full-duration flights from the next mission, Kosmos 12.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 10: Display 1962-054A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 10: Trajectory 1962-054A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Zenit-2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Soyuz". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 24 May 2009.