Kosmos 105
Mission typeOptical imaging reconnaissance
OperatorOKB-1
COSPAR ID1966-003A
SATCAT no.01945
Mission duration8 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeZenit-2
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass4730 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date22 January 1966
08:38:00 GMT
RocketVostok-2
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31/6
ContractorOKB-1
End of mission
DisposalRecovered
Landing date30 January 1966
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude204 km
Apogee altitude310 km
Inclination65.0°
Period89.7 minutes
Epoch22 January 1966
 

Kosmos 105 (Russian: Космос 105 meaning Cosmos 105) or Zenit-2 No.38 was a Soviet, first generation, low resolution, optical film-return reconnaissance satellite launched in 1966. A Zenit-2 spacecraft, Kosmos 105 was the thirty-fourth of eighty-one such satellites to be launched[3] and had a mass of 4,730 kilograms (10,430 lb).

Kosmos 105 was launched by a Vostok-2 rocket[4] flying from Site 31/6 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The launch took place at 08:38 GMT on 22 January 1966,[5] and following its successful arrival in orbit the spacecraft received its Kosmos designation, along with the International Designator 1966-003A and the Satellite Catalog Number 01945.[6]

Kosmos 105 was operated in a low Earth orbit; at an epoch of 22 January 1966 it had a perigee of 204 kilometres (127 mi), an apogee of 310 kilometres (190 mi), an inclination of 65.0° and an orbital period of 89.7 minutes.[7] On 30 January 1966, after eight days in orbit, the satellite was deorbited with its return capsule descending by parachute for recovery by Soviet force.[8]

References

  1. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1966-003A - 27 February 2020
  2. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/displayTrajectory.action?id=1966-003A - 27 February 2020
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Zenit-2 (11F61)". Gunter's Space Page. Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Vostok 8A92". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Cosmos 105". National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  7. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  8. ^ Wade, Mark. "Zenit-2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014.