Kosmos 108


Kosmos 108
Mission typeSolar research
COSPAR ID1966-011A
SATCAT no.02002
Mission duration283 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-U1-G
Launch mass355 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date11 February 1966, 18:00:00 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63S1
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Site 86/1
End of mission
Decay date21 November 1966
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric[2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude219 km
Apogee altitude855 km
Period95.3 minutes
Epoch11 February 1966

Kosmos 108 (Russian: Космос 108 meaning Cosmos 108), also known as DS-U1-G No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1966 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 355 kilograms (783 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Office, and was used to study the effects of solar activity on the upper atmosphere.[3]

A Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 108 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[4] The launch occurred at 18:00 GMT on 11 February 1966, and resulted in the successfully insertion of the satellite into low Earth orbit.[5] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1966-011A.[6] The North American Air Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 02002.

Kosmos 108 was the first of two DS-U1-G satellites to be launched, the other being Kosmos 196 (19 December 1967).[7] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 219 kilometres (136 mi), an apogee of 855 kilometres (531 mi), an inclination of 48.9°, and an orbital period of 95.3 minutes. It completed operations on 26 February 1966.[8] On 21 November 1966, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[9]

See also


  1. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1966-011A - 27 February 2020
  2. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/displayTrajectory.action?id=1966-011A - 27 February 2020
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS-U1-G". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  6. ^ "Cosmos 108". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  7. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-G". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 November 2009.[dead link]
  8. ^ "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  9. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 November 2009.