Kosmos 1129

Summary

Kosmos 1129 / Bion 5
Biocosmos.jpg
Conception of Bion 5 in orbit.
Mission typeBioscience
OperatorInstitute of Biomedical Problems
COSPAR ID1979-083A
SATCAT no.11536
Mission duration18.5 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeBion
ManufacturerTsSKB
Launch mass6,000 kilograms (13,000 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date29 September 1979, 15:30:00 (1979-09-29UTC15:30Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-U
Launch sitePlesetsk 41/1[1]
End of mission
Landing date14 October 1979, 02:24 (1979-10-14UTC02:25) UTC
Landing site52°17′N 65°30′E / 52.283°N 65.500°E / 52.283; 65.500 (Bion 5 spashdown)
near Oktyabr'skoe, Kazakhstan, Soviet Union
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Eccentricity0.01344
Perigee altitude226 kilometres (140 mi)
Apogee altitude406 kilometres (252 mi)
Inclination62.8°
Period90.5 minutes
Epoch29 September 1979[2]
← Bion 4
Bion 6 →
 

Bion 5, or also Cosmos 1129 (in Russian: Бион 5, Космос-1129) was a Bion satellite. It was a biomedical research mission involving scientists from nine countries. Among the experiments was the first attempt to breed mammals in space, which proved unsuccessful. The mission ended after 18.5 days. The mission had the cooperation of the former Czechoslovakia, East Germany, France, Hungary, Poland, Romania and the United States.

Mission

Organisms studied included:

Objectives

Bion 5 mission consisted of various biological studies, including the first mammalian reproduction attempts (rats) in space, which ended up not succeeding. Experiences NASA were designed to study the effects of radiation on mice, quail embryos and some plant specimens.

Studies on the effect of microgravity were also performed on the muscles and bones of rats and avian embryogenesis was studied in space. the effects of microgravity on plant tissues were investigated using carrots and carrot cancerous tissue to study the effects of space flight on the growth and development of plants. As in the previous mission, 30 rats for the species Rattus norvegicus were sent physiological studies; Seven additional rats were used in embryological experiments.

See also

Bibliography

  • Kozlov, D I (1996). Mashnostroenie, ed. Konstruirovanie avtomaticheskikh kosmicheskikh apparatov. Moscow. ISBN.
  • Melnik, T G (1997). Nauka, ed. Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Sili. Moscow. ISBN.
  • "Bion' nuzhen lyudyam". Novosti Kosmonavtiki (6): 35. 1996.


References

  1. ^ Gunter Dirk Krebs. "Bion (12KS)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  2. ^ NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. "Bion 5". NSSDCA Master Catalog. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  3. ^ NASA Contractor Report 3922(27), USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, Issue 23

External links

  • Cosmos 1129. NASA