Kosmos 1409


Kosmos 1409
Mission typeEarly warning
COSPAR ID1982-095A
SATCAT no.13585
Mission duration4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeUS-K [2]
Launch mass1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date22 September 1982, 06:23 (1982-09-22UTC06:23Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
End of mission
Deactivated5 January 1987[1]
Decay date8 June 2009 (2009-06-09)[4]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMolniya [2]
Perigee altitude642 kilometres (399 mi)[4]
Apogee altitude39,711 kilometres (24,675 mi)[4]
Inclination63.2 degrees[4]
Period717.76 minutes[4]

Kosmos 1409 (Russian: Космос 1409 meaning Cosmos 1409) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1982 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 1409 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR.[3] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 06:23 UTC on 22 September 1982.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1982-095A.[4] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 13585.[4]

It re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 8 June 2009.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.