Kosmos 142

Summary

Kosmos 142
Mission typeIonosphere
COSPAR ID1967-013A
SATCAT no.02678
Mission duration142 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-U2-I
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass315 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date14 February 1967, 10:04:56 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63SM
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Site 86/1
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date6 July 1967
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude207 km
Apogee altitude1336 km
Inclination48.4°
Period100.3 minutes
Epoch14 February 1967
 

Kosmos 142 (Russian: Космос 142 meaning Cosmos 142), also known as DS-U2-I No.2, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 315 kilograms (694 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to study the effects on radio waves of passing through the ionosphere.[3]

A Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 142 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[4] The launch occurred at 10:04:56 GMT on 14 February 1967, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[5] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-013A.[1] The North American Air Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 02678.

Kosmos 142 was the second of three DS-U2-I satellites to be launched.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 207 kilometres (129 mi), an apogee of 1,336 kilometres (830 mi), an inclination of 48.4°, and an orbital period of 100.3 minutes.[2] On 6 July 1967, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 142: Display 1967-013A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 142: Trajectory 1967-013A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-I". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-I". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  7. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 23 December 2009.