|Mission type||Early warning|
|Mission duration||4 years |
|Spacecraft type||US-K |
|Launch mass||1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||12 December 1986, 18:35UTC|
|Launch site||Plesetsk Cosmodrome|
|Perigee altitude||633 kilometres (393 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||39,732 kilometres (24,688 mi)|
Kosmos 1806 (Russian: Космос 1806 meaning Cosmos 1806) is a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1986 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.
Kosmos 1806 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR. A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 18:35 UTC on 12 December 1986. The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1986-098A. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 17213.