Kosmos 19

Summary

Kosmos 19
Mission typeABM radar target
Technology
COSPAR ID1963-033A
SATCAT no.00632
Mission duration237 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-P1
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass355 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date6 August 1963
06:00:00 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63S1
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Mayak-2
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date30 March 1964
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude267 km
Apogee altitude487 km
Inclination49.0°
Period92.2 minutes
Epoch6 August 1963
 

Kosmos 19 (Russian: Космос 19 meaning Cosmos 19), also known as DS-P1 No.3 was a prototype radar target satellite for anti-ballistic missile tests, which was launched by the Soviet Union in 1963 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. Its primary mission was to demonstrate the necessary technologies for radar tracking of spacecraft, which would allow future satellites to function as targets.[3]

Spacecraft

It had a mass of 355 kilograms (783 lb).[1] Its primary mission was to demonstrate the necessary technologies for radar tracking of spacecraft, which would allow future satellites to function as targets. It was a solar-powered satellite manufactured by Yuzhnoye.[3]

Mission

It was launched aboard a Kosmos-2I 63S1 rocket,[4] from Mayak-2 at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 06:00:00 GMT on 6 August 1963.[2] Kosmos 19 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 267 kilometres (166 mi), an apogee of 487 kilometres (303 mi), an inclination of 49.0°, and an orbital period of 92.2 minutes.[2] It decayed from orbit on 30 March 1964.[5]

Kosmos 19 was a prototype DS-P1 satellite, the third of four to be launched.[3] It was preceded by the successful launch of Kosmos 6 on 30 June 1962, and a launch failure on 6 April 1963, and will be succeeded by Kosmos 25, which will be launched on 27 February 1964.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 19: Display 1963-033A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b c "Cosmos 19: Trajectory 1963-033A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-P1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
  6. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 26 May 2009.