Kosmos 196

Summary

Kosmos 196
Mission typeSolar research
COSPAR ID1967-125A
SATCAT no.03074
Mission duration201 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-U1-G
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass352 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date19 December 1967, 06:30:07 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63S1
Launch siteKapustin Yar, 86/1
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date7 July 1968
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude223 km
Apogee altitude860 km
Inclination49.0°
Period95.5 minutes
Epoch19 December 1967
 

Kosmos 196 (Russian: Космос 196 meaning Cosmos 196), also known as DS-U1-G No.2, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 352 kilograms (776 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Office, and was used to study the effects of solar activity on the upper atmosphere.[3]

A Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 196 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[4] The launch occurred at 06:30:07 GMT on 19 December 1967, and resulted in the successfully insertion of the satellite into low Earth orbit.[5] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-125A. The North American Air Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 03074.[1]

Kosmos 196 was the second of two DS-U1-G satellites to be launched,[3] after Kosmos 108.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 223 kilometres (139 mi), an apogee of 860 kilometres (530 mi), an inclination of 49.0°, and an orbital period of 95.5 minutes.[2] It completed operations on 7 February 1968.[7] On 7 July 1968, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 196: Display 1967-125A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 196: Trajectory 1967-125A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-U1-G". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U1-G". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 November 2009.[dead link]
  7. ^ "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
  8. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 November 2009.