Kosmos 197

Summary

Kosmos 197
Mission typeTechnology
COSPAR ID1967-126A
SATCAT no.03079
Mission duration34 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-U2-V
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass325 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date26 December 1967
09:01:59 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63SM
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Site 86/4
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date30 January 1968
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude217 km
Apogee altitude486 km
Inclination48.5°
Period91.5 minutes
Epoch26 December 1967
 

Kosmos 197 (Russian: Космос 197 meaning Cosmos 197), also known as DS-U2-V No.3, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325 kilograms (717 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Office, and was used to conduct classified technology development experiments for the Soviet armed forces.[3]

A Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 197 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/4 at Kapustin Yar.[4] The launch occurred at 09:01:59 GMT on 26 December 1967, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[5] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-126A. The North American Air Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 03079.[1]

Kosmos 197 was the third of four DS-U2-V satellites to be launched.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 217 kilometres (135 mi), an apogee of 486 kilometres (302 mi), an inclination of 48.5°, and an orbital period of 91.5 minutes.[2] On 30 January 1968, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Cosmos 197: Display 1967-126A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 197: Trajectory 1967-126A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-V". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-V". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  7. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 December 2009.