Kosmos 214

Summary

Kosmos 214
Mission typeOptical imaging reconnaissance
OperatorGRU
COSPAR ID1968-032A
SATCAT no.03203
Mission duration8 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeZenit-4
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass6300 kg
Start of mission
Launch date18 April 1968, 10:33:00 GMT [1]
RocketVoskhod 11A57 s/n V15001-12
Launch sitePlesetsk, Site 41/1
ContractorOKB-1
End of mission
DisposalRecovered
Landing date26 April 1968, 09:36 GMT
Landing siteSteppe in Kazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude200 km
Apogee altitude373 km
Inclination81.4°
Period90.3 minutes
Epoch18 April 1968
 

Kosmos 214 (Russian: Космос 214 meaning Cosmos 214) or Zenit-4 No.45 was a Soviet, optical film-return reconnaissance satellite launched in 1968. A Zenit-4 satellite, Kosmos 214 was the fortieth of seventy-six such spacecraft to be launched.[3]

Spacecraft

Kosmos 18 was a Zenit-4 satellite, a second generation, high-resolution, reconnaissance satellite derived from the Vostok spacecraft used for crewed flights, the satellites were developed by OKB-1. Kosmos 214 had a mass of 6,300 kilograms (13,900 lb), and carried one camera of 3000 mm focal length as well as a 200 mm camera. The focal length of the main camera was greater than the diameter of the capsule so the camera made use of a mirror to fold the light path. The ground resolution is not publicly known but it is believed to have been 1–2 m.

Launch

Kosmos 214 was launched by the Voskhod 11A57 rocket, serial number V15001-12, flying from Site 41/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. The launch took place at 10:33:00 GMT on 18 April 1968, and following its successful arrival in orbit the spacecraft received its Kosmos designation, along with the International Designator 1968-032A and the Satellite Catalog Number 03203.[1]

Mission

Kosmos 214 was operated in a low Earth orbit, at an epoch of 18 April 1968, it had a perigee of 200 kilometres (120 mi), an apogee of 373 kilometres (232 mi), an inclination of 81.4°, and an orbital period of 90.3 minutes.[2] After eight days in orbit, Kosmos 214 was deorbited, with its return capsule descending under parachute and landing at 09:36 GMT on 26 April 1968, and recovered by the Soviet forces in the steppe in Kazakhstan.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 214: Display 1968-032A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 214: Trajectory 1968-032A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Zenit-4 (11F69)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 28 April 2020.