A Bion spacecraft
|Operator||Institute for Medical and Biological Problems (IMBP)|
|COSPAR ID||1992-095A |
|Mission duration||12 days|
|Launch mass||6,000 kg (13,000 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||29 December 1992,|
|Launch site||Plesetsk, Site 43/3|
|End of mission|
|Recovered by||Soviet Space Forces|
|Landing date||10 January 1993, 04:19 UTC|
Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit |
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Perigee altitude||225 km (140 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||393 km (244 mi)|
Kosmos 2229, or Bion 10 (in Russian: Бион 10, Космос 2229) was a biomedical research mission involving in ten countries plus ESA. A Russian spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz-U launch vehicle from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. It was part of the Bion program.
Several of the hardware elements on the biosatellite were improved for Kosmos 2229. The in-flight data recording system was enhanced, making high-quality brain and neuromuscular recordings possible. The monkey feeder system was improved, and a backup juice dispenser was available. The monkey restraint system was modified to allow more arm movement. The neurovestibular data acquisition system was updated through a joint American-Russian development effort, allowing more parameters to be recorded in flight.
Bion 10 carried two monkeys and several insects, amphibians, plants, and cell cultures. Participating scientists were from ten countries (Canada, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, China, Russia, Ukraine, United States, and Uzbekistan), plus European Space Agency (ASE). In the planning stages this mission was named Bion '92.
The Kosmos 2229 spacecraft orbited the Earth for almost 12 days. The payload, also designated Bion 10, contained thirteen American life sciences experiments. Studies focused on bone, neuromuscular and vestibular physiology, circadian rhythms, and metabolism. Two rhesus monkeys served as experimental subjects on the mission. As on previous Kosmos biosatellite missions, the monkeys were trained to activate food and juice dispensers. In addition, they were trained to operate a foot pedal so that muscle responses could be studied in flight. For in-flight neurovestibular testing, the monkeys were trained to make hand and head movements in response to visual stimuli.