|Mission type||Early warning|
|Mission duration||4 years |
|Spacecraft type||US-K |
|Launch mass||1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||9 April 1997, 08:59UTC|
|Launch site||Plesetsk Cosmodrome|
|End of mission|
|Perigee altitude||558 kilometres (347 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||39,802 kilometres (24,732 mi)|
Kosmos 2340 (Russian: Космос 2340 meaning Cosmos 2340) was a Russian US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1997 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.
Kosmos 2340 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia. A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 08:59 UTC on 9 April 1997. The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1997-015A. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 24761. The satellite (along with Kosmos 2351, Kosmos 2368, and Kosmos 2342) were lost after a 2001 fire destroyed the ground control building located at the Serpukhov-15 military base resulting in the loss of orbital control.