Kosmos 2430


Kosmos 2430
Mission typeEarly warning
COSPAR ID2007-049A
SATCAT no.32268
Mission duration4 years[1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeUS-K[2]
Launch mass1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date23 October 2007, 04:39 (2007-10-23UTC04:39Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
End of mission
DeactivatedMay 2012?[4]
Decay date5 January 2019, 07:58:00 (2019-01-05UTC07:59) UTC[5]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Perigee altitude519 kilometres (322 mi)[6]
Apogee altitude39,175 kilometres (24,342 mi)[6]
Inclination62.8 degrees[6]
Period704.44 minutes[6]

Kosmos 2430 (Russian: Космос 2430 meaning Cosmos 2430) was a Russian US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 2007 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme.[7] The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 2430 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia.[8] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 04:39 UTC on 23 October 2007.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2007-049A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 32268.[3]

In May 2012, it did not perform a manoeuvre and drifted off station.[4]

On 5 January 2019, it was caught on video[9] as it de-orbited over the North Island of New Zealand.[10]

Ground track of Kosmos 2430

See also


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 2430". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
  4. ^ a b Pavel, Podvig (2012-11-13). "Changes in Russia's early warning satellite constellation". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
  5. ^ "COSMOS 2430 - NORAD 32268". SatFlare. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  7. ^ Podvig, Pavel (October 23, 2007). "Launch of Cosmos-2430 early-warning satellite". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
  8. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  9. ^ Jeff 🦄 (2019-01-05). "Sweet meteor shower over Gisborne just nowpic.twitter.com/IKifknbxIA". @peabnuts123. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  10. ^ "Cosmos 2430 (ID 32268) | The Aerospace Corporation". aerospace.org. Retrieved 2019-01-05.