Kosmos 2441


Kosmos 2441
Persona (sputnik) vs human dimensions comparison.gif
Artist's impression of a Persona satellite
Mission typeReconnaissance
COSPAR ID2008-037A
SATCAT no.33272
Mission duration3-5 years (planned)
~2 months (achieved)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typePersona
ManufacturerTsSKB Progress
Vavilov State Optical Institute
NPO Opteks
Launch mass~7,000 kilograms (15,000 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date26 July 2008, 18:31:36 (2008-07-26UTC18:31:36Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk 43/4
End of mission
Last contact~September 2008 (2008-10)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Perigee altitude714 kilometres (444 mi)[2]
Apogee altitude732 kilometres (455 mi)[2]
Inclination98.3 degrees[2]
Epoch31 July 2008[2]

Kosmos 2441 (Russian: Космос 2441 meaning Cosmos 2441), also known as Persona No.1, was a Russian optical reconnaissance satellite launched in 2008. The first Persona satellite, it failed a few months into its mission, which was scheduled to have lasted three to five years. It was the first Russian reconnaissance satellite to be placed into a sun-synchronous orbit.[3]

Kosmos 2441 was launched by a Soyuz-2-1b carrier rocket flying from Site 43/4 of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. The launch took place at 18:31:36 UTC on 26 July 2008,[4] and marked the first Soyuz-2-1b launch from Plesetsk. Following its successful deployment the satellite was given its Kosmos designation, and was assigned the International Designator 2008-037A and Satellite Catalog Number 33272.[5]

In February 2009, it was reported that Kosmos 2441 had failed shortly after launch.[6] The date of the failure was not announced, however the satellite was last seen to manoeuvre in September 2008.[7] The cause of the failure was reported to be an electrical problem, possibly caused by higher radiation levels encountered by the satellite in sun-synchronous orbit compared to previous satellites in lower-inclination orbits.[6] The next Persona satellite was not launched until 2013, when it was placed into orbit as Kosmos 2486.[8]


  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Persona (14F137)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan (12 August 2008). "Issue 598". Jonathan's Space Report. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  3. ^ Podvig, Pavel (26 July 2008). "Launch of Cosmos-2441 - first Persona optical reconnaissance satellite". RussianForces.org.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "Persona (14F137) spy satellite". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  7. ^ Podvig, Pavel (13 February 2009). "Persona satellite failure". RussianForces.org. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  8. ^ Podvig, Pavel (7 June 2013). "Launch of Cosmos-2486 - Persona optical reconnaissance satellite". RussianForces.org. Retrieved 29 June 2013.