Kosmos 2477


Kosmos 2477 (Russian: Космос 2477 meaning Cosmos 2477) is one of a set of three Russian military satellites launched in 2011 as part of the GLONASS satellite navigation system. It was launched with Kosmos 2475 and Kosmos 2476.

Kosmos 2477
Mission typeNavigation
OperatorRussian Space Forces
COSPAR ID2011-064B[1][2]
SATCAT no.37868[1][2]
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftGC 745
Spacecraft typeUragan-M
ManufacturerReshetnev ISS[3]
Launch mass1,415 kilograms (3,120 lb) [3]
Dimensions1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter [3]
Power1,540 watts[3]
Start of mission
Launch dateNovember 4, 2011, 16:51 (2011-11-04UTC16:51Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 81/24
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMedium Earth orbit[4]
Semi-major axis25,476 kilometres (15,830 mi)[1]
Perigee altitude19,018 kilometres (11,817 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude19,178 kilometres (11,917 mi)[1]
Inclination64.78 degrees[1]
Period674.47 minutes[1]

This satellites is a GLONASS-M satellite, also known as Uragan-M, and is numbered Uragan-M No. 745.[1][5]

Kosmos 2475/6/7 were launched from Site 81/24 at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. A Proton-M carrier rocket with a Briz-M upper stage was used to perform the launch which took place at 16:51 UTC on 4 November 2011.[6] The launch successfully placed the satellites into Medium Earth orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2011-064B. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 37868.[1][5]

It is in the first orbital plane of the GLONASS constellation, in orbital slot 7. It started operations on 18 December 2011.[6][7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2011-064". Zarya. n.d. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
  2. ^ a b "Glonass". Russian Forces. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  3. ^ a b c d e Testoyedov, Nikolay (2015-05-18). "Space Navigation in Russia: History of Development" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  5. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (2011-11-04). "Successful launch of three Glonass-M satellites". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Russian Forces. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
  7. ^ "GLONASS constellation status, 03.05.2013". Information-analytical centre, Korolyov, Russia. 2013-05-03. Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-03.