Kosmos 2478


Kosmos 2478
Mission typeNavigation
OperatorRussian Space Forces
COSPAR ID2011-071A[1]
SATCAT no.37938[1]
WebsiteGLONASS status
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftGC 746[2]
Spacecraft typeUragan-M
ManufacturerReshetnev ISS[3]
Launch mass1,415 kilograms (3,120 lb) [3]
Dimensions1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter [3]
Power1,540 watts[3]
Start of mission
Launch dateNovember 28, 2011, 08:26 (2011-11-28UTC08:26Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk 43/4
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMedium Earth orbit[4]
Semi-major axis25,523 kilometres (15,859 mi)[1]
Perigee altitude19,127 kilometres (11,885 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude19,163 kilometres (11,907 mi)[1]
Inclination64.82 degrees[1]
Period676.34 minutes[1]

Kosmos 2478 (Russian: Космос 2478 meaning Cosmos 2478) is a Russian military satellite launched in 2011 as part of the GLONASS satellite navigation system.

This satellite is a GLONASS-M satellite, also known as Uragan-M, and is numbered Uragan-M No. 746.[1][5]

Kosmos 2478 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia. A Soyuz-2-1b carrier rocket with a Fregat upper stage was used to perform the launch which took place at 08:26 UTC on 28 November 2011. The launch successfully placed the satellite into Medium Earth orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2011-071. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 37938.[1][5][6]

It is in the third orbital plane used by GLONASS, in orbital slot 17.[2][6]

It started operations on 23 December 2011.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2011-071". Zarya. n.d. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  2. ^ a b c "GLONASS constellation status, 03.05.2013". Information-analytical centre, Korolyov, Russia. 2013-05-03. Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  3. ^ a b c d e Testoyedov, Nikolay (2015-05-18). "Space Navigation in Russia: History of Development" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  5. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (28 November 2011). "Glonass system is almost complete after successful Glonass-M launch". Retrieved 11 October 2012.