Kosmos 295
Mission typeABM radar target
COSPAR ID1969-073A
SATCAT no.04076
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-P1-Yu
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass325 kilograms (717 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date22 August 1969, 14:14:57 (1969-08-22UTC14:14:57Z) UTC
RocketKosmos-2I 63SM
Launch sitePlesetsk 133/1
End of mission
Decay date1 December 1969 (1970-01)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude262 kilometres (163 mi)
Apogee altitude433 kilometres (269 mi)
Inclination70.9 degrees
Period91.5 minutes
 

Kosmos 295 (Russian: Космос 295 meaning Cosmos 295), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.29, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1969 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (717 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.[1]

Launch

Kosmos 295 was launched from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome,[2] atop a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. The launch occurred on 22 August 1969 at 14:14:57 UTC, and resulted in Kosmos 295's successful deployment into low Earth orbit.[3] Upon reaching orbit, it was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1969-073A.

Kosmos 295 was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 262 kilometres (163 mi), an apogee of 433 kilometres (269 mi), 70.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.5 minutes.[1][4] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 1 December 1969.[4] It was the twenty-fourth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the twenty-second of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5] Kosmos 295 replaced the previous DS-P1-Yu satellite, #23, which had failed to reach orbit due to a problem with the second stage of its carrier rocket.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009.