Kosmos 307
Mission typeABM radar target
COSPAR ID1969-094A
SATCAT no.04184
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-P1-Yu
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass250 kilograms (550 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date24 October 1969, 13:01:58 (1969-10-24UTC13:01:58Z) UTC
RocketKosmos-2I 63SM
Launch siteKapustin Yar 86/4
End of mission
Decay date30 December 1970 (1970-12-31)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee212 kilometres (132 mi)
Apogee2,023 kilometres (1,257 mi)
Inclination48.4 degrees
Period107.7 minutes
 

Kosmos 307 (Russian: Космос 307 meaning Cosmos 307), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.22, was a Soviet satellite launched in 1969 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 250-kilogram (550 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.[1]

Launch

Kosmos 307 was launched from Site 86/4 at Kapustin Yar,[2] atop a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. The launch occurred on 24 October 1969 at 13:01:58 UTC, and resulted in the successful deployment of Kosmos 307 into low Earth orbit.[3] Upon reaching orbit, it was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1969-094A.

Kosmos 307 was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 212 kilometres (132 mi), an apogee of 2,023 kilometres (1,257 mi), 48.4 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 107.7 minutes.[1][4] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 30 December 1970.[4] It was the twenty-sixth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the twenty-fourth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 August 2009.