Kosmos 37

Summary

Kosmos 37
Mission typeOptical imaging reconnaissance
OperatorOKB-1
COSPAR ID1964-044A
SATCAT no.00848
Mission duration8 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeZenit-2
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass4730 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date14 August 1964, 09:36:00 GMT
RocketVostok-2 s/n R15001-04
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31/6
ContractorOKB-1
End of mission
DisposalRecovered
Landing date22 August 1964
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude207 km
Apogee altitude287 km
Inclination65.0°
Period89.5 minutes
Epoch14 August 1964
 

Kosmos 37 (Russian: Космос 37 meaning Cosmos 37) or Zenit-2 No.22 was a Soviet, first generation, low resolution, optical film-return reconnaissance satellite launched in 1964. A Zenit-2 spacecraft, Kosmos 37 was the twentieth of eighty-one such satellites to be launched[3] and had a mass of 4,730 kilograms (10,430 lb).

Kosmos 37 was launched by a Vostok-2 rocket, serial number R15001-04,[4] flying from Site 31/6 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The launch took place at 09:36 GMT on 14 August 1964,[5] and following its successful arrival in orbit the spacecraft received its Kosmos designation, along with the International Designator 1964-044A and the Satellite Catalog Number 00848.

Kosmos 37 was operated in a low Earth orbit, it had a perigee of 207 kilometres (129 mi), an apogee of 287 kilometres (178 mi), inclination of 65.0° and an orbital period of 89.5 minutes.[6] During the mission one of the satellite's film reels snapped, resulting in the associated camera only taking some of the images it had been programmed to produce.[7] The mission has been partially complete because there was a break in the film of the SA-10 camera.[8] On 22 August 1964, after eight days in orbit, Kosmos 37 was deorbited with its return capsule descending by parachute for recovery by Soviet forces.[9]

References

  1. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1964-044A - 27 February 2020
  2. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/displayTrajectory.action?id=1964-044A - 27 February 2020
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Zenit-2 (11F61)". Gunter's Space Page. Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Vostok 8A92". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  7. ^ "Cosmos 37". National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  8. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1964-044A - 27 February 2020
  9. ^ Wade, Mark. "Zenit-2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2013.