Kosmos 524


Kosmos 524
Mission typeABM radar target
COSPAR ID1972-080A
SATCAT no.06229Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-P1-Yu
Launch mass325 kilograms (717 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date11 October 1972, 13:19:58 (1972-10-11UTC13:19:58Z) UTC
RocketKosmos-2I 63SM
Launch sitePlesetsk 133/1
End of mission
Decay date25 March 1973 (1973-03-26)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude259 kilometres (161 mi)
Apogee altitude476 kilometres (296 mi)
Inclination70.9 degrees
Period91.9 minutes

Kosmos 524 (Russian: Космос 524 meaning Cosmos 524), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.49, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1972 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (717 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.[1]

Kosmos 524 was successfully launched into low Earth orbit at 13:19:58 UTC on 11 October 1972.[2] The launch took place from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome,[3] and used a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1972-080A.[4] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 06229.

Kosmos 524 was the fifty-eighth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the fifty-second of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 259 kilometres (161 mi), an apogee of 476 kilometres (296 mi), 70.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.9 minutes.[6] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 25 March 1973.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  4. ^ "Cosmos 524". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  6. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 31 August 2009.