|Mission type||ABM radar target|
|Launch mass||400 kilograms (880 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||24 January 1973, 11:44:50UTC|
|Launch site||Plesetsk 133/1|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||31 July 1973|
|Perigee altitude||256 kilometres (159 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||477 kilometres (296 mi)|
Kosmos 545 (Russian: Космос 545 meaning Cosmos 545), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.62, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1973 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 400-kilogram (880 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.
Kosmos 545 was successfully launched into low Earth orbit at 11:44:50 UTC on 24 January 1973. The launch took place from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, and used a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket.
Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1973-004A. The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 06348.
Kosmos 545 was the sixtieth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched, and the fifty-fourth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit. It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 256 kilometres (159 mi), an apogee of 477 kilometres (296 mi), 70.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.9 minutes. It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 31 July 1973.