Kosmos 580

Summary

Kosmos 580
Mission typeABM radar target
COSPAR ID1973-057A
SATCAT no.06793Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-P1-Yu
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass400 kilograms (880 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date22 August 1973, 11:24:55 (1973-08-22UTC11:24:55Z) UTC
RocketKosmos-2I 63SM
Launch sitePlesetsk 133/1
End of mission
Decay date1 April 1974 (1974-05)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude268 kilometres (167 mi)
Apogee altitude472 kilometres (293 mi)
Inclination71 degrees
Period91.9 minutes
 

Kosmos 580 (Russian: Космос 580 meaning Cosmos 580), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.59, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1973 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 400-kilogram (880 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.[1]

Launch

Kosmos 580 was successfully launched into low Earth orbit at 11:24:55 UTC on 22 August 1973.[2] The launch took place from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome,[3] and used a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket.

Orbit

Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1973-057A.[4] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 06793.

Kosmos 580 was the sixty-fourth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the fifty-eighth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 268 kilometres (167 mi), an apogee of 472 kilometres (293 mi), 71 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.9 minutes.[6] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 1 April 1974.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-Yu". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  4. ^ "Cosmos 580". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  6. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 31 August 2009.