Kosmos 782

Summary

Kosmos 782 / Bion 3
Bion spacecraft original.jpg
On display at the Moscow Space Museum: The circular viewport was installed for display purposes.
Mission typeBioscience
OperatorInstitute of Biomedical Problems
COSPAR ID1975-110A
SATCAT no.8450
Mission duration19.5 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeBion
ManufacturerTsSKB
Launch mass6,000 kg (13,000 lb)
Dry mass3,100 kg (6,800 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date25 November 1975, 14:00 (1975-11-25UTC14Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-U11A511U
Launch sitePlesetsk 43/3
End of mission
Landing date15 December 1975, 04:48 (1975-12-15UTC04:49Z) UTC[2]
Landing site52°17′N 64°11′E / 52.283°N 64.183°E / 52.283; 64.183 (Bion 3 spashdown)
Near Amankaragaj, Kazakhstan, Soviet Union
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Eccentricity0.01337
Perigee altitude226 kilometres (140 mi)
Apogee altitude405 kilometres (252 mi)
Inclination62.8°
Period90.5 minutes
Epoch25 November 1975[3]
← Bion 2
Bion 4 →
 

Bion 3 or Kosmos 782 (in Russian: Бион 3, Космос 782) was a Bion satellite. It carried 14 experiments prepared by seven countries in all, with participation from scientists in France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Soviet Union and the United States.

Mission

Launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome on November 25, 1975, the biosatellite was recovered in Siberia on December 15 after 19.5 days. It included a centrifuge with revolving and fixed sections in which identical groups of animals, plants, and cells could be compared. The subject animals included white rats and tortoises. The effects of aging on fruit fly livers and plant tissues with grafted cancerous growths were also studied.

More than 20 different species were flown on the mission, including 25 unrestrained male Wistar rats, fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster), carrot tissues, and 1,000 embryos of the fish Fundulus heteroclitus (a small shallow-water minnow). A U.S. radiation dosimeter experiment was also carried out without using biological materials. This was the only Bion mission where the United States provided some of the biological specimens.[4][5]

See also

Bibliography

  • Kozlov, D I (1996). Mashnostroenie, ed. Konstruirovanie avtomaticheskikh kosmicheskikh apparatov. Moscow. ISBN.
  • Melnik, T G (1997). Nauka, ed. Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Sili. Moscow. ISBN.
  • "Bion' nuzhen lyudyam". Novosti Kosmonavtiki (6): 35. 1996.

References

  1. ^ Antonín Vitek (14 November 2008). "1975-110A - Kosmos 782". Space 40 (in Czech). Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  2. ^ Bion. Zarya. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
  3. ^ NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. "NASA - NSSDCA - Spacecraft - Telemetry Details". NSSDCA Master Catalog. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  4. ^ "4.G The Cosmos Biosatellite Program". Lis.arc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  5. ^ "NASA - NSSDC - Spacecraft - Details". Nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2014-03-12.

External links

  • Cosmos 782. NASA Ames Research Center