Kosmos 97

Summary

Kosmos 97
Mission typeTechnology
COSPAR ID1965-095A [1]
SATCAT no.01777
Mission duration127 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeDS-U2-M
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass267 kg [2]
Start of mission
Launch date26 November 1965
12:14:00 GMT
RocketKosmos-2M 63S1M
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Site 86/1
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date2 April 1967
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [3]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude213 km
Apogee altitude2144 km
Inclination49.0°
Period108.3 minutes
Epoch26 November 1965
 

Kosmos 97 (Russian: Космос 97 meaning Cosmos 97), also known as DS-U2-M No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1965 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 267 kilograms (589 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and used to conduct tests involving atomic clocks.[4]

A Kosmos-2M 63S1M [5] carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 97 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[6] The launch occurred at 12:14 GMT on 26 November 1965, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[7] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1965-095A. The North American Air Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 01777.

Kosmos 97 was the first of two DS-U2-M satellites to be launched, the other being Kosmos 145.[8] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 213 kilometres (132 mi), an apogee of 2,144 kilometres (1,332 mi), an inclination of 49.0°, and an orbital period of 108.3 minutes. On 2 April 1967, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1965-095A - 27 February 2020
  2. ^ "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  3. ^ https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/displayTrajectory.action?id=1965-095A - 27 February 2020
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark (31 October 2001). "Kosmos 63S1M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  7. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  8. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-M". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  9. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 7 December 2009.