Lake Cooloongup

Summary

Lake Cooloongup, sometimes also referred to as White Lake,[1] is a shallow saline lake in the suburb of Cooloongup, 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It is part of Rockingham Lakes Regional Park. In the local Nyungar language, Cooloongup means "place of children".[2]

Lake Cooloongup
Lake Cooloongup seen from Mandurah Road, August 2019 01.jpg
Lake Cooloongup seen from Mandurah Road
Lake Cooloongup is located in Australia
Lake Cooloongup
Lake Cooloongup
LocationCooloongup, Western Australia
Coordinates32°17′44″S 115°47′27″E / 32.29556°S 115.79083°E / -32.29556; 115.79083 (Lake Cooloongup)
TypeSaline
Basin countriesAustralia
DesignationRockingham Lakes Regional Park
Surface area370 ha (910 acres)
Average depth3.5 m (11 ft)

OverviewEdit

The lake is bound in the east by Mandurah Road and in the west by the suburb of Cooloongup, with the reserve south of the lake stretching to Safety Bay Road, to the south of which Lake Walyungup is located.

Like Lake Walyungup, Lake Cooloongup is thought to be drying because of reduced rainfalls. Depths of both lakes fluctuate from 0.5 to 3.5 metres, with the permanent pools of Lake Walyungup being the deepest points. Both lakes are also increasing in salinity, with Walyungup being more saline than Cooloongup. Unlike Lake Cooloongup, which has a groundwater outflow towards the sea, Lake Walyungup is a closed system, with water from the lake discharging through evapotranspiration only. Both lakes have small freshwater wetlands on their western edge, which is made up of dunes, while the eastern edge is formed by a limestone ridge.[3]

 
A warning sign at Lake Walyungup highlighting the risk of unexploded ammunition

The Lakes Cooloongup and Walyungup continue to be of spiritual significance for the local indigenous population as the place where the Sea Waugal laid her eggs. Walyungup, in the Nyungar language, means "place where Nyungars talk", leading to the conclusion that the northern lake was a place for children while the southern one was for adults.[3]

Lake Cooloongup as well as Lake Walyungup, Port Kennedy Scientific Park and Lark Hill, all within Rockingham Lakes Regional Park, are potentially contaminated with unexploded ordnance, having been used as artillery range by the Department of Defence in the era around World War II.[3]

In the late 1980s, the Western Mining Corporation carried out limnology and botanical studies on the lake, which however weren't published.[4]

Flora and faunaEdit

A flora survey carried out by volunteers identified a large number of previously unsurveyed species at Lake Cooloongup, among them Billardiera heterophylla, Hakea varia, Hakea trifurcata, Ptilotus drummondii, Pimelea calcicola, Lobelia tenuior, Viminaria juncea and Arthropodium strictum.[3]

The stands of tuart, marri and jarrah trees support populations of the western grey kangaroo and western brush wallaby while, in the water, small freshwater crayfish have been reported.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Map of Lake Cooloongup - White Lake, WA". bonzle.com. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Lake Walyungup". Department of Parks and Wildlife. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Rockingham Lakes Regional Park Management Plan 2010 (PDF) (Report). Conservation Commission of Western Australia, Department of Environment and Conservation & City of Rockingham. 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  4. ^ Public Environmental Review City of Rockingham Landfill Facility (PDF) (Report). AGC Woodward.Clyde. May 1991. Retrieved 1 June 2021.

External linksEdit

  • Parks and Wildlife Service: Rockingham Lakes Regional Park
  • Urban Bushland Council WA Inc.: Rockingham Lakes Regional Park