Later Zhao (後趙)

319–351
Later Zhao in the northern China
Later Zhao in the northern China
CapitalXiangguo (319-335, 350-351)
Yecheng (335-350)
GovernmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 319-333
Shi Le
• 333-334
Shi Hong
• 334-349
Shi Hu
• 349
Shi Zun
• 349-350
Shi Jian
• 350-351
Shi Zhi
History 
• Established
319
• Destruction of Han Zhao
329
• Shi Le's claim of imperial title
330
• Shi Hu's seizing the throne from Shi Hong
335
• Ran Min's establishment of Ran Wei
350
• Disestablished
351
Area
329 est.[1]2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Han Zhao
Jin Dynasty (265-420)
Ran Wei
Former Qin
Former Yan
Jin Dynasty (265-420)
Today part ofChina

The Later Zhao (simplified Chinese: 后赵; traditional Chinese: 後趙; pinyin: Hòuzhào; 319–351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin dynasty (266–420) in China. It was founded by the Shi family of the Jie ethnicity. The Jie were most likely a Yeniseian people and spoke next to Chinese one of the Yeniseian languages.[2] The Later Zhao was the second in territories to the Former Qin that once unified Northern China under Fu Jiān.

When Later Zhao was founded by Shi Le,[3] the capital was at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), but in 335 Shi Hu moved the capital to Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei), where it would remain for the rest of the state's history (except for Shi Zhi's brief attempt to revive the state at Xiangguo).

Rulers of the Later Zhao

Temple name Posthumous name Personal name Durations of reign Era names
Gaozu Ming Shi Le 319-333 Zhaowang (趙王) 319-328
Taihe (太和 Tàihé) 328-330
Jianping (建平) 330-333
Shi Hong 333-334 Yanxi (延熙) 334
Taizu Wu Shi Hu 334-349 Jianwu (建武) 335-349
Taining (太寧) 349
Shi Shi 349
Shi Zun 349
Shi Jian 349-350 Qinglong (青龍) 350
Shi Zhi 350-351 Yongning (永寧) 351

Rulers family tree

See also

References

  1. ^ Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D". Social Science History. 3 (3/4): 121. doi:10.2307/1170959. JSTOR 1170959.
  2. ^ Vovin, Alexander. "Did the Xiongnu speak a Yeniseian language?". Central Asiatic Journal 44/1 (2000), pp. 87–104.
  3. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.