Katz and his fellow Harvard colleague Claudia Goldin, who is his "personal as well as research partner", wrote The Race Between Education and Technology in 2008, which argued that the United States became the world's richest nation thanks to its schools. It was praised as "a monumental achievement that supplies a unified framework for interpreting how the demand and supply of human capital have shaped the distribution of earnings in the U.S. labor market over the twentieth century", and Alan Krueger of Princeton University said that it "represent[ed] the best of what economics has to offer".
Katz has been editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics since 1991. He also serves as the Principal Investigator for the long-term evaluation of the "Moving to Opportunity", a randomized housing mobility experiment.
^Goldin, Claudia Dale; Katz, Lawrence F. (2009). The Race between Education and Technology. ISBN 978-0674035300.
^States, United; Committee, United States Congress Joint Economic (1993). High-wage Jobs in a Competitive Global Economy: Hearing Before the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, September 16, 1992. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-16-043229-3.