Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha

Summary

Leader of the Opposition in
Rajya Sabha
Rājya Sabhā ke Vipakṣa ke Netā
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Shri Mallikarjun Kharge takes over the charge of Union Minister for Railways, in New Delhi on June 19, 2013 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mallikarjun Kharge

since 16 February 2021
ResidenceNew Delhi
AppointerWhile parliamentary chairperson of the largest political party in the Rajya Sabha that is not in government
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderShyam Nandan Prasad Mishra (1969–1971)
Websiterajyasabha.nic.in

The Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha (IAST: Rājya Sabhā ke Vipakṣa ke Netā) is an elected Member of Rajya Sabha who leads the official opposition in the Upper House of the Parliament of India. The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha is the parliamentary chairperson of the largest political party in the Rajya Sabha that is not in government.

History

In the Rajya Sabha until 1969, the title of opposition leader only existed de facto and had no formal recognition, status or privilege. Later, the leader of the opposition was given official recognition and their salary and allowances was extended by the Act, 1977. Since then, the leader in the Rajya Sabha should satisfy three conditions, namely,

  1. he should be a member of the House
  2. of the party in opposition to the Government having the greatest numerical strength and
  3. be recognised by the Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha

In December 1969, the Congress Party (O) was recognised as the main opposition party in the parliament while its leader, Shyam Nandan Mishra plays the role of opposition leader. M. S. Gurupadaswamy was later elected the leader of opposition in the Rajya Sabha after Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra completed his tenure. However, Gurupadaswamy's appointment was declared with no formal announcement.

Role and Responsibilities

The Leader of Opposition (LoP) looks at government policies formulated for the rights of minorities and demands debate and criticizes the government if ruling party tries to avoid debates on such policy. LoP also debates on the country's foreign relations and trade when it poses security threats on the national security.[1][2]

Privileges and salary

Opposition leaders plays a significant role in government policies and their implementation by the ruling party. Sometimes, opposition leaders questions government about the country's national security and development.[3] After the constitution of India created a separate law on 1 November 1977 for opposition leaders, the salary was extended.[4]

List of Leaders of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha

Following members have been the Leaders of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha.[5]

No. Name Portrait Term Party
- Vacant 13 May 1952 17 December 1969 No Official Opposition
1 Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra 18 December 1969 [6] 11 March 1971 Indian National Congress (O)
2 M. S. Gurupadaswamy 24 March 1971 2 April 1972
3 Kamalapati Tripathi 30 March 1977 15 February 1978 Indian National Congress
4 Bhola Paswan Shastri 24 February 1978 23 March 1978 Indian National Congress
(3) Kamalapati Tripathi 23 March 1978 2 April 1978 Indian National Congress
18 April 1978 8 January 1980
5 L. K. Advani Lkadvani.jpg 21 January 1980 7 April 1980 Janata Party
6 P. Shiv Shankar 18 December 1989 2 January 1991 Indian National Congress
(2) M. S. Gurupadaswamy 28 June 1991 21 July 1991 Janata Dal
7 Jaipal Reddy Jaipal Sudini Reddy 03212.JPG 22 July 1991 29 June 1992
8 Sikander Bakht 7 July 1992 16 May 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party
9 Shankarrao Chavan Shankarrao Chavan 2007 stamp of India (cropped).jpg 23 May 1996 1 June 1996 Indian National Congress
(8) Sikander Bakht 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 Bharatiya Janata Party
10 Manmohan Singh Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh in March 2014.jpg 21 March 1998 22 May 2004 Indian National Congress
11 Jaswant Singh Jaswant Singh (cropped).jpg 3 June 2004 16 May 2009 Bharatiya Janata Party
12 Arun Jaitley The official photograph of the Defence Minister, Shri Arun Jaitley (cropped).jpg 3 June 2009 26 May 2014
13 Ghulam Nabi Azad The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad addressing at the “Consultation on implementing effective school health programs in India”, in New Delhi on September 24, 2012.jpg 8 June 2014 10 February 2015 Indian National Congress
16 February 2015 15 February 2021
14 Mallikarjun Kharge Shri Mallikarjun Kharge takes over the charge of Union Minister for Railways, in New Delhi on June 19, 2013 (cropped).jpg 16 February 2021 Incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ "Leader of Opposition: His role and responsibilities - India News". Latest News India. 17 June 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Rajya Sabha - Role of The Leader of The House, Leader of the Opposition and Whips Brief History". rajyasabha.nic.in.
  3. ^ Kumar, Sanjay. "Why India Needs an Opposition Leader". thediplomat.com.
  4. ^ Salary and other suitable facilities are extended to them through a separate legislation brought into force on 1 November 1977
  5. ^ Rajya Sabha Introduction. Rajyasabha.nic.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  6. ^ [1]

Further reading

  • Manisha, M. (2010–2011), Parliamentary Efficacy and the Role of the Opposition: A Comparative Study of the 2nd and 14th Lok Sabha (PDF), Rajya Sabha Fellowship for Parliamentary Studies, rajyasabha.nic.in{{citation}}: CS1 maint: date format (link)