Learjet 23

Summary

The Learjet 23 (originally Lear Jet 23) is an American six-to-eight-seat (two crew and four to six passengers) twinjet, high-speed business jet manufactured by Learjet. Introduced in 1964, it was Learjet's first model and created a new market for fast and efficient small business aircraft. Production ended in 1966 after 101 aircraft had been delivered.

Learjet 23
Air Zoo Learjet II.JPG
Role Business jet
Manufacturer Learjet
Designer William Powell Lear, based on a design by Dr.eng. Hans-Luzius Studer
First flight 7 October 1963
Introduction 13 October 1964
Status Active
Produced 1964-1966[1]
Number built 101[1]

DevelopmentEdit

Recognizing the potential of the Swiss-designed single-engine ground-attack FFA P-16 fighter jet, William (Bill) Powell Lear, Sr. established Swiss American Aviation Corporation (SAAC) to produce a two-engined passenger version: the SAAC-23 Execujet. The company moved to Wichita, Kansas and was renamed Lear Jet Corporation. Production began on the first Model 23 Lear Jet on February 7, 1962. The first flight took place on 7 October 1963 with test pilots Hank Beaird and Bob Hagen.[2] On 4 June 1964, the prototype crashed soon after takeoff, when the pilot inadvertently deployed the wing spoilers while demonstrating an engine failure on takeoff.[3] Eventually determined to be pilot error, this mishap did not deter the Federal Aviation Agency (later the Federal Aviation Administration) from awarding the Lear Jet 23 its type certificate on 31 July 1964. On October 13, 1964, the first production aircraft was delivered.

Production ended in 1966 after one hundred and one aircraft had been delivered. In 1998, thirty nine Model 23s were estimated to remain in use. Twenty seven are known to have been lost or damaged beyond repair through accidents, the most recent being in 2008.[4]

Noise complianceEdit

In 2013, the FAA modified 14 CFR part 91 rules to prohibit the operation of jets weighing 75,000 pounds or less that are not stage 3 noise compliant after December 31, 2015. The Learjet 23 is listed explicitly in Federal Register 78 FR 39576. Any Learjet 23s that have not been modified by installing Stage 3 noise compliant engines or have not had "hushkits" installed for non-compliant engines will not be permitted to fly in the contiguous 48 states after December 31, 2015. 14 CFR §91.883 Special flight authorizations for jet airplanes weighing 75,000 pounds or less – lists special flight authorizations that may be granted for operation after December 31, 2015.

Aircraft on displayEdit

 
NASA Learjet 23 chase aircraft

OperatorsEdit

  United States

SpecificationsEdit

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965–66[15]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two pilots
  • Capacity: 6 passengers
  • Length: 43 ft 3 in (13.18 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 7 in (10.84 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 7 in (3.84 m)
  • Wing area: 231.2 sq ft (21.48 m2)
  • Empty weight: 6,150 lb (2,790 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 12,499 lb (5,669 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × General Electric CJ610-4 turbojet engines, 2,850 lbf (12.7 kN) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 561 mph (903 km/h, 487 kn) at 24,000 ft (7,300 m)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.82
  • Cruise speed: 518 mph (834 km/h, 450 kn) at 40,000 ft (12,000 m)
  • Stall speed: 104 mph (167 km/h, 90 kn) wheels and flaps down
  • Range: 1,830 mi (2,950 km, 1,590 nmi) max fuel at 485 mph (781 km/h; 421 kn) and 40,000 ft (12,000 m)
  • Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (14,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 6,900 ft/min (35 m/s)

See alsoEdit

Related development

  • Rogers P-51R, a custom-built racing aircraft with the wings and horizontal stabilizer of a Learjet 23

Related lists

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Murdo Morrison (12 October 2018). "NBAA: Business jet designs that changed the industry". FlightGlobal.
  2. ^ "Lear Celebrates 30". Flying. Vol. 120, no. 12. December 1993. p. 38. ISSN 0015-4806.
  3. ^ "ASN Aircraft Accident Learjet 23". Flight Safety Foundation. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  4. ^ Aviation Safety Network: Learjet 23
  5. ^ "Lear Jet 23". Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Smithsonian Institution. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Learjet 23/24 production list". rzjets. rzjets.net. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Learjet Model 23". Kansas Aviation Museum. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Bates City". Bates City. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  9. ^ Mathews, Kay (4 February 2011). "Since 1986 aviation history flies high at the Arkansas Air Museum". Digital Journal. digitaljournal.com. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Aircraft N23BY Data". Airport-Data.com. Airport-Data.com. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Learjet 23". The Museum of Flight. The Museum Of Flight. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Swiss American Aviation CorporationLearjet, c/n 23-068, c/r N73CE". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  13. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Swiss American Aviation Corporation 23 Lear Jet, c/n 23-083, c/r N824LJ". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Learjet 23". Pima Air and Space Museum. Pima Air and Space Museum. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  15. ^ * Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965–1966. London:Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1965. pp. 252–253.

External linksEdit

  • A history of the Learjet 23-29 series on Airliners.net
  • Lear Jet Prototype Nears October Flight Date – Aviation Week & Space Technology