Abramis brama Prague Vltava 1.jpg
Common bream, Abramis brama
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Bonaparte, 1835

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Leuciscinae is a subfamily of the freshwater fish family Cyprinidae,[1] which contains the true minnows.[2] Members of this subfamily are known as European minnows or the Old World (OW) clade of minnows. As the name suggests, most members of this family are found in Eurasia, aside from the golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas), which is found in eastern North America.[3][4]



  1. ^ J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. pp. 181–186. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
  2. ^ Taxonomic information
  3. ^ "Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family LEUCISCIDAE: Subfamilies PSEUDASPININAE, LEUCISCINAE and PHOXININAE". The ETYFish Project. 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  4. ^ Schönhuth, Susana; Vukić, Jasna; Šanda, Radek; Yang, Lei; Mayden, Richard L. (2018-10-01). "Phylogenetic relationships and classification of the Holarctic family Leuciscidae (Cypriniformes: Cyprinoidei)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 127: 781–799. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.06.026. ISSN 1055-7903.