Leyland, Lancashire


Leyland (/ˈllənd/ LAY-lənd) is a town in South Ribble, Lancashire, England, six miles (10 km) south of Preston. The population was 35,578 at the 2011 Census.[2]

St Ambrose Church, Leyland - geograph.org.uk - 800569.jpg
Church of St Ambrose
Leyland is located in the Borough of South Ribble
Shown within South Ribble
Leyland is located in Lancashire
Location within Lancashire
Population35,578 [1] (2001 census)
OS grid referenceSD549232
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLEYLAND
Postcode districtPR25, PR26
Dialling code01772
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
53°41′31″N 2°41′49″W / 53.692°N 2.697°W / 53.692; -2.697

The name of the town is Anglo-Saxon, meaning "untilled land".


St Andrews Parish Church

English Leyland was an area of fields, with Roman roads passing through, from ancient Wigan to Walton-le-Dale.

It was left undisturbed for many centuries until rediscovered shortly after the Battle of Hastings (1066). Leyland is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1085). In 1066, King Edward the Confessor presided over the whole of Leyland. The manor was divided into three large ploughlands, which were controlled by local noblemen. In the 12th century, it came under the barony of Penwortham.

The area of Worden, which is now Worden Park, was one of nine oxgangs of land granted to the Knights Hospitaller, by Roger de Lacy, in Lancashire, but the land was not assigned to any individual and a local man, who was a very close friend of de Lacy, Hugh Bussel, was assigned holder of the land in 1212.

Notable features that remain include the St Andrew's Parish Church, built around 1200 AD, and the large stone Leyland Cross, thought to date back to Saxon times.

Industry and commerceEdit

The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including British Motor Corporation, Standard-Triumph and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland company. The truck business still operates today as Leyland Trucks, and is owned by Paccar.

Leyland is also home to one of the leading maintenance and utility companies in the United Kingdom, Enterprise plc on Centurion Way.

The town has been home to Dr Oetkers pizza factory on Marathon Place, Moss Side, since 1989.[3]


Leyland railway station is on the West Coast Main Line and is operated by Northern. There is one train an hour between Liverpool Lime Street and Preston. There is also one train an hour between Manchester Victoria/Hazel Grove to Blackpool North.

There is a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works at the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgow and London, some 198 miles in either direction. John Fishwick & Sons which served the town's public transport needs, and connected the town to Chorley and Preston, ceased trading in 2015 and Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire took over the route.[4]


High schoolsEdit

High schools in Leyland include Balshaw's CE High School near Leyland Cross, St Mary's Catholic High School, Worden Academy, a smaller high school situated to the west of the town and Wellfield Academy near the town centre.[5]


To the east of Worden Park is Runshaw College.


Former Primitive Methodist chapel, Leyland Lane

Since July 2007, the former Primitive Methodist Church on Leyland Lane has been home to the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles.[6]

Most of the housing in Leyland falls under the semi-detached, detached and bungalow categories. There are a few modern housing estates, but about 65% of the accommodation in the town was built in the 1970s.


Leyland is made up by six different areas, the town centre itself counts as the main retail side, with the railway station, library and shops nearby. The other areas include Broadfield, Moss Side, Worden Park, Turpin Green and the Wade Hall estate.



Notable people who have grown up or lived in Leyland include:


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Population of 35,578 is the sum of the following ward populations: Moss Side 3673; Earnshaw Bridge Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3722; Golden Hill Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3982; Seven Stars 3701; Lowerhouse 4050; Leyland St. Mary's 3562; Leyland Central Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3626; Leyland St. Ambrose Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 3337; Leyland St. John's Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine 5925. All accessed 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Leyland Central – UK Census Data 2011".
  3. ^ "Pizza factory planning to super-size in Leyland to grab a bigger slice of the market". 9 January 2020.
  4. ^ "John Fishwick & Sons". Fishwicks.
  5. ^ "GCSE success for Leyland students".
  6. ^ "Orthodox Church of the Holy Apostles". holy-apostles.org.uk.
  7. ^ Prince, Rosa (16 July 2015). "Tim Farron: the Christian Lefty on course to be elected Liberal Democrat leader". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  • BBC Online (2006a) Schools in Lancashire, Education\League Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 27 June 2007]
  • BBC Online (2006b) Institutions in Lancashire, Education\League Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 4 May 2007]
  • Hunt, D., (1990), The History of Leyland and District, Carnegie Press, ISBN 0-948789-48-4
  • Hunt, D. and Waring, W. (1995), The Archive Photograph Series: Leyland, Chalford Publishing Company, ISBN 0-7524-0348-6
  • Smith, J., (2003), Then and Now: Leyland, Tempus Publishing, ISBN 0-7524-2672-9
  • South Ribble Borough Council – Leyland Town Centre Masterplan [accessed 23 April 2008]

External linksEdit

  • Leyland Historical Society