Limor Livnat

Summary

Limor Livnat (Hebrewלִימוֹר לִבְנָת ; born 22 September 1950) is an Israeli former politician. She served as a member of the Knesset for Likud between 1992 and 2015, and was Minister of Communications, Minister of Education, and Minister of Culture & Sport.

Limor Livnat
Limor Livnat 2014 1.jpg
Ministerial roles
1996–1999Minister of Communications
2001–2006Minister of Education
2009–2015Minister of Culture & Sport
Faction represented in the Knesset
1992–2015Likud
Personal details
Born (1950-09-22) 22 September 1950 (age 71)
Haifa, Israel

BiographyEdit

Born in Haifa, Livnat studied at Tel Aviv University. A supporter of Menachem Begin, she joined Herut in 1970,[1] and became head of Likud's youth organisation in 1977.[2] She first entered the Knesset on 14 April 1992, shortly before the 1992 elections, as a replacement for Haim Corfu. She retained her seat in the elections, and in her first full term, served as chairwoman of the Committee for the Advancement of the Status of Women, the Subcommittee on Laws of Personal Status and the Parliamentary Committee for Investigating Murder of Women by their Spouses.

She retained her seat in the 1996 elections, and was appointed Minister of Communications in Binyamin Netanyahu's government. During her term, she attempted to increase competition in the Israeli communications sector by weakening and privatizing Bezeq, which had previously held a monopoly over the country's landline phone sector.

Tensions between Livnat and Netanyahu climaxed in the former's resignation from government in 1997 and subsequent attempt to end Netanyahu's leadership of the Likud. Following Netanyahu's resignation from the Likud leadership after the party's defeat in the 1999 elections, Livnat supported Ariel Sharon's successful attempt to serve as the next chairperson of the party. After Sharon's victory over Ehud Barak in the special election for Prime Minister in 2001, Livnat was appointed Minister of Education in both governments he formed.

She was re-elected in 2003, and continued to serve as Minister of Education until Likud left the coalition (now headed by the newly formed Kadima) in 2006. She retained her seat in the 2006 and 2009 elections, after which she was appointed to the new post of Minister of Culture and Sport.[3] Prior to the 2013 elections she lost her place as the top-ranking woman in Likud, finishing below Tzipi Hotovely and Miri Regev in the party primaries.[2] However, she was re-elected and continued in the ministerial role.

In December 2014 Livnat announced that she was leaving politics, and would not run in the March 2015 elections.[2]

Livnat has also served as Vice Chairwoman and Acting Chairwoman of the World Likud Movement.

In February 2021, Livnat announced that she was leaving Likud after 51 years of membership in protest of Benjamin Netanyahu signing a surplus agreement with the far-right Religious Zionist Party.[1] She later expressed support for Gideon Sa'ar and his party New Hope.

Personal views and lifeEdit

Although overtly secular, Livnat is generally identified as a right wing conservative, both morally and politically. A supporter of Revisionist Zionism, she ideologically opposed the Oslo Accords as well as the notion of relinquishing control over the West Bank. In this light she has voiced concerns over US President George W. Bush's Road Map for Peace. She also regularly attends events in honor of the pre-independence militant organizations, such as the Irgun and Lehi. However, she did not actively oppose Ariel Sharon's disengagement plan.

In April, 2011, Livnat's nephew, Ben-Joseph Livnat, 25, was shot dead by a Palestinian Authority policeman when trying to break through a Palestinian road block after an unauthorized visit to the Joseph's Tomb in Palestinian-administered area of Nablus.[4][5] Livnat described the shooting death of her nephew as an act of terrorism.[6] An IDF report released a month later concluded that the event was not a premeditated terror attack, but that the policeman had acted "maliciously" and with the intent to harm.[7]

In an interview with Army Radio on 25 December 2011, Livnat, who was then leading the Interministerial Committee on the Status of Women, opined that in entirely ultra-orthodox areas of the country, segregation on public transport should be permitted. "I don't think we should tell them how to live," said Livnat, "We should live and let live...When we are speaking about a mixed city, however, or a city where there are haredim or religious people who oppose segregation, we must fight the phenomenon of public segregation between sexes," she added.

A resident of Tel Aviv, Livnat is married and has two children.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "It's a farewell song". Ynet (in Hebrew). 12 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Veteran Likud minister Limor Livnat quitting politics The Jerusalem Post, 8 December 2014
  3. ^ Netanyahu sworn in as Israel's prime minister Haaretz, 1 April 2009
  4. ^ Sanders, Edmund, "One Israeli killed, three hurt in West Bank shooting", Los Angeles Times, 24 April 2011 9:45 am. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  5. ^ Chaim Levinson, "Israelis shot in West Bank tried to break through Palestinian roadblock, probe shows", Haaretz, 24 April 2011.
  6. ^ Nir Hasson, "Minister Livnat: My nephew was killed by a terrorist disguised as a Palestinian policeman", Haaretz, 24 April 2011
  7. ^ Pfeffer, "IDF: Palestinian police intentionally targeted worshipers at Joseph's Tomb", Haaretz, 29 May 2011

External linksEdit

  • Limor Livnat on the Knesset website