Lindos (//; Greek: Λίνδος) is an archaeological site, a fishing village and a former municipality on the island of Rhodes, in the Dodecanese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Rhodes, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 178.9 km2. It lies on the east coast of the island. It is about 40 km south of the town of Rhodes and its fine beaches make it a popular tourist and holiday destination. Lindos is situated in a large bay and faces the fishing village and small resort of Charaki.
|Administrative region||South Aegean|
|• Municipal unit||178.9 km2 (69.1 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Municipal unit||3,957|
|• Municipal unit density||22/km2 (57/sq mi)|
|• Population||1,087 (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Vehicle registration||ΚΧ, ΡΟ, ΡΚ|
Lindos was founded by the Dorians led by the king Tlepolemus of Rhodes, who arrived in about the 10th century BC. It was one of six Dorian cities in the area known as the Dorian Hexapolis. The eastern location of Rhodes made it a natural meeting place between the Greeks and the Phoenicians, and by the 8th century Lindos was a major trading centre. In the 6th century it was ruled by Cleobulus, one of the Seven Sages of Greece. The importance of Lindos declined after the foundation of the city of Rhodes in the late 5th century BC.
In classical times the acropolis of Lindos was dominated by the massive temple of Athena Lindia, which attained its final form in around 300 BC. In Hellenistic and Roman times the temple precinct grew as more buildings were added. In early medieval times these buildings fell into disuse, and in the 14th century they were partly overlaid by a massive fortress built on the acropolis by the Knights of St John to defend the island against the Ottomans.
Above the modern town rises the acropolis of Lindos, a natural citadel which was fortified successively by the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Knights of St John and the Ottomans. This makes the site difficult to excavate and interpret archaeologically. The acropolis has views of the surrounding harbours and coastline.
On the acropolis of Lindos today parts of the following buildings may still be seen:
Some scenes of the well-known film, The Guns of Navarone, were filmed here.
View to the Acropolis
Staircase of the Propylaea
Doric temple of Athena Lindia
Columns of the Hellenistic stoa
View of the summit of the Acropolis
Medieval gate of the Acropolis
Church of St. John on the Acropolis
Excavations were carried out at Lindos in the years 1900 to 1914 by the Carlsberg Institute of Denmark, directed by K.F. Kinch and Christian Blinkenberg. The acropolis site was excavated down to bedrock and the foundations of all the buildings were uncovered.
During the Italian occupation of the island (1912–1945) major restoration work was carried out on the Lindos acropolis, but it was poorly done and was harmful to the historic record. The north-east side of the Temple of Athena was restored. The monumental staircase to the propylaea was rebuilt and many of the columns of the Hellenistic stoa were re-erected. Large surfaces were covered with concrete. Bases and inscribed blocks were taken from their locations and placed along the restored walls.
Judged by modern standards, this work took insufficient note of the evidence available from the excavations and in its methods did damage to the remains themselves. In recent years Greek and international archaeologists under the supervision of the Greek Ministry of Culture have been working to restore and protect the ancient buildings on the site.
Lindos has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) strongly influenced by the Mediterranean Sea. Lindos has mild winters, with temperate daytime temperatures and mild nights. The summer in Lindos is hot, while the summer nights tend to be muggy because of the very warm night minimums. The rain in Lindos falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. Lindos has an annual average temperature of around 19 °C (66 °F) (as extrapolated from the Rhodes Hellenic National Meteorological Service station located at Diagoras airport) and in a year, the rainfall is between 400 and 500 mm (16 and 20 in). In 2015, according to the National Observatory of Athens, Lindos registered a mean annual temperature of 21.4 °C (70.5 °F) which made it, for that same year, Greece's warmest area with Palaochora second with 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). Additionally according to the data from N.O.A Lindos registers an average mean annual temperature of more than 21.5 °C (70.7 °F) for the period 2014-2021. In August 2021 the N.O.A station in Lindos registered the all time highest mean monthly temperature in Europe. Moreover, according to the Hellenic National Meteorological Service SE Rhodes, where Lindos is located registers the highest mean annual sunshine in Greece with over 3.100 hours.
|Climate data for Lindos (2010-2019)|
|Average high °C (°F)||15.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||13.2
|Average low °C (°F)||10.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||109
|Source: National Observatory of Athens|
The Byzantine Panagia church with the belltower is located in the centre of the village
The beach of Vliha Bay
View of a street
Door at the town
The 13th century Greek Orthodox Church of St Peter
St Paul's church is now popular as a wedding chapel
Beach of Lindos
St Paul's Bay, where it is reported the apostle landed during a storm
View of Vliha bay
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lindos.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lindos.|