List of Historic Environment Scotland properties


This list includes the historic houses, castles, abbeys, museums and other buildings and monuments in the care of Historic Environment Scotland (HES). HES (Scottish Gaelic: Àrainneachd Eachdraidheil Alba) is a non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government, responsible for investigating, caring for and promoting Scotland’s historic environment. It maintains over 300 properties, that together attract more than 3 million visitors annually.[1]


Image Notes
St Machar's Cathedral Transepts   The ruined transepts of St Machar's Cathedral


Image Notes
Brandsbutt Symbol Stone   An early Pictish symbol stone
Corgarff Castle   Tower house surrounded by a star-shaped perimeter wall of 18th-century date.
Cullerlie Stone Circle   A circle of eight stones
Culsh Earth House   A well-preserved underground passage
Deer Abbey   Remains of a Cistercian monastery
Duff House   Early Georgian mansion designed by William Adam for the Earl of Fife.
Dyce Symbol Stones   Two Pictish stones, one with the older type of incised symbols
Easter Aquhorthies Stone Circle   A recumbent stone circle about 4000 years old
Glenbuchat Castle   A Z-plan tower house
Huntly Castle   Ruined baronial residence
Invercauld Bridge   Old Bridge of Dee dating back to 1752, part of the military road built by engineer Major William Caulfield
Kildrummy Castle   13th-century castle
Kinkell Church   Ruins of a 16th-century parish church
Kinnaird Head Castle Lighthouse And Museum   16th-century castle altered in 1787 to take the first lighthouse built by the Commissioners of the Northern Lighthouses
Kinnaird Head Winetower   16th-century tower
Knock Castle   16th-century keep
Loanhead Stone Circle   The best known of a group of recumbent stone circles
Maiden Stone   Pictish cross slab of the 9th century AD
Memsie Cairn   A large stone-built cairn, possibly of Bronze Age date, but enlarged during field clearance during the last two centuries.
Peel Ring of Lumphanan   Site of a fortified residence
Picardy Symbol Stone   Pictish symbol stones
St Mary's Kirk, Auchindoir   Medieval parish church
Tarves Medieval Tomb   Altar tomb of William Forbes
Tolquhon Castle   Castle built by William Forbes, 7th Laird of Tolquhon, from 1584 to 1589
Tomnaverie Stone Circle   A recumbent stone circle about 4000 years old


Image Notes
Aberlemno Sculptured Stones   Range of Pictish sculptured stones depicting a hunting scene, battle scene and an army of men
Affleck Castle 15th-century, L-shaped tower house
Arbroath Abbey   Arbroath Abbey is famous for its association with the Declaration of Arbroath
Ardestie Earth House   A curved underground gallery
Brechin Cathedral Round Tower   One of the two remaining round towers of the Irish type in Scotland
Carlungie Earth House   A complex underground structure of Iron Age date
Caterthuns   Two large hill forts
Eassie Sculptured Stone   An elaborately sculptured Pictish cross-slab
Edzell Castle   Ruined 16th-century castle with an early-17th-century walled garden
Lindsay Burial Aisle   Remains of the 14th-century Edzell Old Church
Maison Dieu Chapel, Brechin   Part of the south wall of a chapel, belonging to a medieval hospital founded in the 1260s
Restenneth Priory   A monastic house of Augustinian canons founded in 1153
St Orland's Stone   A tall, Pictish cross-slab with a prominent, ornate cross
St Vigeans Sculptured Stones   A collection of over 30 Pictish carved stones
Tealing Dovecot   A dovecot of the late 16th century
Tealing Earth House   An Iron Age earth house or souterrain

Argyll and ButeEdit

Image Notes
Ardchattan Priory   The ruins of a Valliscaulian priory founded in 1230 and later converted to secular use.
Bonawe Historic Iron Furnace   The most complete charcoal-fuelled ironworks in Britain, founded in 1753.
Carnasserie Castle   Home of John Carswell, first Protestant Bishop of the Isles
Castle Sween   One of the earliest castles in Scotland
Dunstaffnage Castle and Chapel   Stronghold of the MacDougalls
Eileach an Naoimh   Ruins of Early Christian beehive cells, a chapel and a graveyard on a small island in the Firth of Lorne
St Cormac's Chapel, Eilean Mor   A chapel on a small island in the Sound of Jura. Site includes St Cormac's Cross and St Cormac's Cave
Inchkenneth Chapel   Medieval church
Iona Abbey   One of Scotland's most historic and sacred sites.
Iona: Maclean's Cross   A 15th-century free-standing cross
Iona Nunnery   One of the best-preserved medieval nunnery churches in the British Isles.
Keills Chapel   A small West Highland chapel housing a collection of 12th-century grave slabs
Kilberry Sculptured Stones   A collection of late-medieval sculptured stones gathered from the Kilberry estate.
Kilchurn Castle   Four-storey tower built in the mid-15th century by Sir Colin Campbell
Kildalton Cross   The finest intact high cross in Scotland carved in the late 8th century
Kilmartin Glen: Achnabreck Cup And Ring Marks   The exposed crest of a rocky ridge with well-preserved cup and ring marks of early prehistoric date.
Kilmartin Glen: Ballygowan Cup And Ring Marks   Cup and ring marks on natural rock faces, of early prehistoric date.
Kilmartin Glen: Baluachraig Cup And Ring Marks   Several groups of early prehistoric cup and ring marks on natural rock faces. Close to Dunchraigaig cairn.
Kilmartin Glen: Cairnbaan Cup And Ring Marks   Carved stone of the Bronze Age within Kilmartin Glen
Kilmartin Glen: Dunadd Fort   Well-preserved hill fort of Kilmartin Glen
Kilmartin Glen: Dunchraigaig Cairn   Bronze Age cairn within Kilmartin Glen
Kilmartin Glen: Glebe Cairn, Kilmartin   Early Bronze Age burial cairn
Kilmartin Glen: Kilmartin Sculptured Stones   Early-medieval and medieval crosses of Kilmartin Glen
Kilmartin Glen: Kilmichael Glassary Cup And Ring Marks   Early prehistoric cup and ring carvings of Kilmartin Glen
Nether Largie Cairns   A Neolithic and two Bronze Age cairns of Kilmartin Glen
Ri Cruin Cairn   Bronze Age burial cairn within Kilmartin Glen
Temple Wood Stone Circles   Standing stones of Kilmartin Glen dating to about 3000 BC
Kilmodan Sculptured Stones   A group of West Highland carved grave slabs exhibited in a burial aisle within Kilmodan churchyard.
Kilmory Knap Chapel   A small medieval chapel with a collection of typical West Highland grave slabs and some early medieval sculpture.
Rothesay Castle   Castle with a long and close association with the Stewart Kings of Scotland
Skipness Castle and Chapel   A 13th-century castle with a 16th-century tower house in one corner
St Blane's Church, Kingarth   A 12th-century Romanesque chapel
St Mary's Chapel, Rothesay   Late-medieval remains of the chancel of the Parish Church of St Mary


East AyrshireEdit

Image Notes
Loch Doon Castle   Castle containing an eleven-sided curtain wall of fine masonry
Rowallan Castle   Castle set in rolling Ayrshire parkland

North AyrshireEdit

Image Notes
Auchagallon Stone Circle   A Bronze Age kerb cairn
Carn Ban   One of the most famous of the Neolithic long cairns of south-west Scotland
Kilpatrick Dun   Ruins of a circular drystone homestead of unknown date
Kilwinning Abbey   Remains of a Tironensian-Benedictine abbey
Lochranza Castle   An L-plan tower house situated on a promontory on the Isle of Arran
Machrie Moor Stone Circles   Remains of six stone circles of Bronze Age date
Moss Farm Road Stone Circle   The remains of a Bronze Age cairn
Skelmorlie Aisle   Monument erected for Sir Robert Montgomerie of Skelmorlie
Torr a'Chaisteal   A circular Iron Age fort on a ridge
Torrylin Cairn   A Neolithic chambered cairn

South AyrshireEdit

Image Notes
Crossraguel Abbey   Abbey founded early in the 13th century by the Earl of Carrick.
Dundonald Castle   Castle built by Robert II in the 1370s to mark his succession to the throne of Scotland
Maybole Collegiate Church   College associated with St Mary Chapel


Image Notes
Castle Campbell   15th-century fortress situated above Dollar Glen
Clackmannan Tower   A 14th-century keep

Dumfries and GallowayEdit

Image Notes
Barsalloch Fort   An Iron Age promontory fort, defended by a deep u-shaped ditch.
Big Balcraig Cup and ring marked rocks.
Caerlaverock Castle   Castle with moat, twin towered gatehouse and imposing battlements
Cairn Holy Chambered Cairns   Two Neolithic burial cairns, of a type characteristic of Galloway.
Cardoness Castle   A well-preserved six-storey tower house of the McCulloch dating back to the 15th century.
Carsluith Castle   A well-preserved ruin of a tower house of 16th-century date.
Castle of Park   16th-century L-plan tower house
Chapel Finian   Remains of a small chapel built in the Irish style
Druchtag Motte   An example of a motte castle
Drumcoltran Tower   A well-preserved mid 16th-century tower
Drumtroddan Cup And Ring Marked Rocks   Three groups of well-defined cup and ring marks on bedrock probably carved in the Bronze Age
Drumtroddan standing stones   An alignment of three prehistoric stones
Dundrennan Abbey   Cistercian abbey built in the latter half of the 12th century
Glenluce Abbey   Abbey founded around 1192
Kirkconnel Churchyard   Ruined church and tombstones
Kirkmadrine Early Christian Stones   Three of the earliest Christian memorial stones in Britain
Laggangairn Standing Stones   Stones carved with early Christian crosses
Lincluden Collegiate Church   Remains of a collegiate church and the accommodation for its canons founded in 1389.
Lochmaben Castle   A Z-plan tower house
MacLellan's Castle   Late 16th-century noble residence
Merkland Cross   A carved wayside cross of the 15th century
Monreith Cross   A 10th-century carved stone cross
Morton Castle   A late-13th-century hall house, a stronghold of the Douglases
New Abbey Corn Mill   Fully restored water-powered corn mill
Orchardton Tower   Tower house of the mid-15th-century
Rispain Camp   Rectangular settlement defended by a bank and ditch
Ruthwell Cross   Anglian Cross dating from the end of the 7th century
St Ninian's Cave   Cave traditionally associated with St Ninian
St Ninian's Chapel   Restored ruins of a 13th-century chapel, probably used by pilgrims on their way to Whithorn
Sweetheart Abbey   Abbey founded by Lady Dervorgilla of Galloway in memory of her husband John Balliol
Threave Castle   A 14th-century tower built by Archibald the Grim, Lord of Galloway, on an island in the River Dee
Torhouse Stone Circle   A Bronze Age stone circle consisting of 19 boulders
Wanlockhead Beam Engine   An early-19th-century wooden water-balance pump for draining a lead mine
Whithorn Priory   Cradle of Christianity in Scotland
Wren's Egg   Standing stone and Bronze Age cists


East DunbartonshireEdit

Image Notes
Antonine Wall: Bar Hill Fort   Highest fort on the Antonine Wall
Antonine Wall: Bearsden Bath House   Remains of a bath-house and latrine built in the 2nd century AD

West DunbartonshireEdit

Image Notes
Dumbarton Castle   Dumbarton was the centre of the ancient kingdom of Strathclyde from the 5th century until 1018.


Image Notes
Broughty Castle   Castle, built hastily, but perhaps unnecessarily. It figured in only two national emergencies over 450 years.
Claypotts Castle   16th-century castle


Image Notes
Abbey Strand   Late 15th-century abbey church
Corstorphine Dovecot   A large circular ‘beehive’ dovecot
Craigmillar Castle   A well-preserved medieval castle, with a tower house, courtyard and gardens.
Eagle Rock, Cramond   A much-defaced carving on natural rock
Edinburgh Castle   World-famous castle which dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh,
Holyrood Abbey   The ruined nave of the 12th- and 13th-century abbey church, and a three-storey building on Abbey Strand from the late 15th or early 16th century
Holyrood Palace   16th-century residence of Scottish royal family
Holyrood Park   Historic landscape in the heart of the city, with dramatic crags and hills
St Triduana's Chapel, Restalrig Collegiate Church   Shrine of St Triduana, a Pictish saint
Trinity House   Home to a collection of maritime memorabilia

Falkirk (council area)Edit

Image Notes
Antonine Wall: Castlecary   The low earthworks of a fort
Antonine Wall: Rough Castle   Best-preserved length of rampart and ditch
Antonine Wall: Seabegs Wood   A stretch of rampart and ditch with the military way behind
Antonine Wall: Watling Lodge   A stretch of rampart and ditch
Blackness Castle   Castle built by one of Scotland's most powerful families, the Crichtons
Kinneil House   15th-century tower remodelled by the Earl of Arran
Westquarter Dovecot   Rectangular dovecot with a heraldic panel dated 1647


Image Notes
Aberdour Castle   Castle with a walled garden and terraces with a dovecot
Culross Abbey   The remains of a Cistercian monastery founded in 1217
Dogton Stone   Once a free-standing cross probably of 9th-century date
Dunfermline Abbey   The Abbey Church is the last resting place of many Scottish kings and queens
Dunfermline Palace   Former Scottish royal palace
Inchcolm Abbey   Group of monastic buildings located on the island of Inchcolm in the Firth of Forth
Ravenscraig Castle   One of the earliest artillery forts in Scotland
Scotstarvit Tower   Renowned as the home of Sir John Scot
St Andrews Castle   The main residence of the bishops and archbishops of St Andrews
St Andrews Cathedral   Remains of medieval Scotland's largest and most magnificent church
St Andrews: Blackfriars Chapel   A vaulted side apse survives of this church of Dominican friars, which was built in about 1516.
St Andrews: St Mary's Church, Kirkheugh   Earliest collegiate church in Scotland
St Andrews: West Port   One of the few surviving city gates in Scotland
St Bridget's Kirk   The shell of a medieval church


Image Notes
Crookston Castle   Ruin of an unusual 15th-century castle
Glasgow Cathedral   Cathedral built on the site where St Mungo was thought to have been buried

Highland (council area)Edit

Image Notes
Ardclach Bell Tower   A fortified bell tower built in 1655 on the hill above the parish church of Ardclach
Beauly Priory   The ruined church of a Valliscaulian priory, one of three founded in 1230
Bridge of Oich   Suspension bridge
Cairn o'Get   A horned and chambered burial cairn
Carn Liath   A typical Sutherland broch
Castle of Old Wick   The ruin of the best-preserved Norse castle in Scotland
Clava Cairns   A well-preserved Bronze Age cemetery
Cnoc Freiceadain Long Cairns   Two unexcavated long-horned burial cairns of Neolithic date
Corrimony Chambered Cairn   An excavated passage grave of probable Bronze Age date
Dun Beag   A fine example of a Hebridean broch
Dun Dornaigil   A well-preserved broch
Fort George   The mightiest artillery fortification in Britain
Fortrose Cathedral   Beautiful red sandstone cathedral
Glenelg Brochs: Dun Telve and Dun Troddan   Two broch towers
Grey Cairns of Camster   Two chambered burial cairns of Neolithic date
Hill O' Many Stanes   More than 22 rows of low slabs
Hilton of Cadboll Chapel   The foundations of a small rectangular chapel, with a reproduction of a Pictish stone nearby
Inverlochy Castle   One of Scotland's earliest stone castles
Knocknagael Boar Stone A rough slab incised with the Pictish symbols, kept in the Highland Council offices, Inverness
Ruthven Barracks   An infantry barracks erected in 1719 following the Jacobite rising of 1715
St Mary's Chapel, Crosskirk   A simple dry-stone chapel
Urquhart Castle   Once one of Scotland's largest castles, on the banks of Loch Ness


Image Notes
Newark Castle   Firth of Clyde castle mainly associated with the notorious Patrick Maxwell


North LanarkshireEdit

Image Notes
Antonine Wall: Croy Hill   Part of the Antonine Wall - Rome's north-west frontier
Antonine Wall: Dullatur   Part of the Antonine Wall - Rome's north-west frontier
Antonine Wall: Westerwood to Castlecary   Part of the Antonine Wall - Rome's north-west frontier

South LanarkshireEdit

Image Notes
Biggar Gasworks Museum   The only surviving town coal-gas works in Scotland.
Bothwell Castle   Scotland's largest and finest 13th-century castle. Part of the original circular keep survives.
Cadzow Castle   Ruined castle in the woods of Hamilton
Coulter Motte   A Norman castle mound
Craignethan Castle   An early artillery fortification with a residential tower
St Bride's Church, Douglas   Choir containing three canopied monuments to the Douglas family


East LothianEdit

Image Notes
Chesters Hill Fort   One of the best-preserved Iron Age hill forts in Scotland
Dirleton Castle   Medieval fortified residence with garden
Doonhill Homestead   A rare site of the Anglian occupation of southeast Scotland
Dunglass Collegiate Church   Church founded in 1450
Hailes Castle   A ruin incorporating a fortified manor of 13th-century date
Lauderdale Aisle, St Mary's Church   The former sacristy of the great 15th-century St Mary's Collegiate Church, Haddington
Ormiston Market Cross   Free-standing 15th-century cross
Preston Market Cross   The only surviving example of a market cross of its type on its original site
Seton Collegiate Church   Ecclesiastical kirk set in wooded surroundings
St Martin's Kirk, Haddington   Remains of a Romanesque church
Tantallon Castle   Seat of the Douglas Earls of Angus, one of the most powerful baronial families in Scotland


Image Notes
Castlelaw Hill Fort   Iron Age hill fort
Crichton Castle   Residence of the Crichtons and later home to the Earls of Bothwell

West LothianEdit

Image Notes
Cairnpapple Hill   Burial site dating to 3,000 BC
Linlithgow Palace   The ruins of Linlithgow Palace set in a park beside a loch
Torphichen Preceptory   Tower and transepts of a church built by the Knights Hospitaller of the Order of St John of Jerusalem


Image Notes
Auchindoun Castle   Castle built about 1480 by Thomas Cochrane, Earl of Mar
Balvenie Castle   Ruined castle built in the 12th century by a branch of the powerful Comyn family
Burghead Well   A rock-cut well
Dallas Dhu Historic Distillery   Distillery built in 1898 to produce malt whisky for Glasgow firm Wright and Greig's popular ‘Roderick Dhu’ blend
Deskford Church   Small late medieval church
Duffus Castle   One of the finest examples of a motte and bailey castle in Scotland
Elgin Cathedral   Home to Scotland's finest octagonal chapter house
Elgin Cathedral: Bishop's House   Partially ruined 15th-century defensible L-plan town house, within the precincts of Elgin Cathedral
Elgin Cathedral: Pans Port   The only surviving medieval archway of Elgin Cathedral's precinct walls
Spynie Palace   Residence of the bishops of Moray
St Peter's Kirk and Parish Cross, Duffus   Remains of a 14th-century western tower and a 16th-century vaulted porch
Sueno's Stone   Pictish monument

Orkney IslandsEdit

Image Notes
Barnhouse   Neolithic settlement
Bishop's Palace, Kirkwall   Palace built for the first bishop of Orkney
Blackhammer Chambered Cairn   Neolithic burial cairn
Broch of Gurness   Iron-Age settlement
Brough of Birsay   Site featuring Pictish and Norse power-base with Pictish well
Cubbie Row's Castle   One of the earliest stone castles to survive in Scotland
Cuween Hill Chambered Cairn   Neolithic chambered tomb
Dounby Click Mill   The last surviving horizontal water mill in Orkney
Dwarfie Stane   Neolithic burial chamber
Earl's Bu   Remains of a medieval manor house
Earl's Palace, Birsay   16th-century remains of the residence of Robert Stewart, Earl of Orkney
Earl's Palace, Kirkwall   17th-century palace built by Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney
Eynhallow Church   Ruined 12th-century monastic church
Grain Earth House   Iron Age earth house
Hackness Martello Tower and Battery   Extensive military remains on the island of Hoy
Holm of Papa Westray Chambered Cairn   A massive tomb
Knap of Howar   Probably the oldest standing stone houses in north-west Europe
Knowe of Yarso Chambered Cairn   An oval cairn with concentric walls enclosing a Neolithic chambered tomb
Links of Noltland   Sand dunes seal and protect significant prehistoric remains
Maeshowe Chambered Cairn   The finest chambered tomb in north-west Europe
Midhowe Broch   A well-preserved broch, with remains of later buildings round it.
Midhowe Chambered Cairn   A megalithic chambered tomb of Neolithic date
Noltland Castle   A ruined Z-plan tower, built between 1560 and 1573 but never completed.
Pierowall Church   The ruins of a medieval church, known as Lady Kirk, with some finely lettered tombstones.
Quoyness Chambered Cairn   A megalithic tomb containing a passage and main chamber, with six subsidiary cells.
Rennibister Earth House   An Orkney earth house.
Ring of Brodgar   A circle of upright stones with an enclosing ditch spanned by causeways, dating to late Neolithic period.
Skara Brae   One of the best preserved groups of prehistoric houses in Western Europe, part of the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site.
St Magnus Church, Egilsay   Ruin of a 12th-century church
St Mary's Chapel, Wyre   Ruin of a 12th-century chapel and graveyard
St Nicholas' Church, Orphir   Remains of early 12th-century round church next to Earl's Bu
Stones of Stenness   The remains of a stone circle surrounded by remains of a circular earthen bank
Taversöe Tuick Chambered Cairn   Neolithic chambered cairn
Tormiston Mill   A late example of a Scottish watermill
Unstan Chambered Cairn   A mound covering a stone burial chamber divided by slabs into five compartments.
Watchstone   Standing stone northwest of the Stones of Stenness
Westside Church, Tuquoy   A small 12th-century nave-and-chancel church.
Wideford Hill Chambered Cairn   A Neolithic chambered cairn with three concentric walls and a burial chamber with three large cells.

Outer HebridesEdit

Image Notes
Arnol Blackhouse   A traditional thatched house
Callanish Stones   A cross-shaped setting of standing stones erected around 3000 BC.
Dun Carloway   One of the best preserved broch towers in Scotland
Kisimul Castle   The only significant surviving medieval castle in the Western Isles
St Clement's Church, Rodel   15th-century church built for the Chiefs of the MacLeods of Harris
Steinacleit Cairn and Stone Circle   The remains of an enigmatic burial site of early prehistoric date

Perth and KinrossEdit

Image Notes
Abernethy Round Tower   One of the two round towers of Irish style surviving in Scotland, dating from the end of the 11th century.
Ardunie Roman Signal Station   The site of a Roman watch tower dating to the first century
Balvaird Castle   A late-15th-century tower on an L plan, extended in 1581 by the addition of a walled courtyard and gatehouse.
Blackhill Camp Parts of the defences of two Roman marching camps lying to the north of Ardoch Roman Fort
Burleigh Castle   Complete ruin of a tower house of about 1500
Dunfallandy Stone   A well-preserved Pictish cross-slab
Dunkeld Cathedral   Cathedral containing a fine effigy of the Robert III's brother
Elcho Castle   Complete 16th-century fortified mansion
Fowlis Wester Sculptured Stone   A tall cross-slab with Pictish symbols
Huntingtower Castle   The House of Ruthven containing a fine painted ceiling
Innerpeffray Chapel   A rectangular collegiate church founded in 1508
Kirkhill Roman Watchtower   Remains of Roman watchtower dating to the 1st-century
Lochleven Castle   The setting for the most traumatic year in the life of Mary Queen of Scots
Meigle Sculptured Stone Museum   Museum housing a collection of carved stones dating from the late eighth to the late tenth centuries
Muir o' Fauld Roman Signal Station   The site of a 1st-century Roman watch tower on the Gask Ridge
Muthill Old Church and Tower   Ruins of an important medieval parish church
St Mary's Church, Grandtully   A 16th-century parish church
St Serf's Church, Dunning and Dupplin Cross   Picturesque parish church with Pictish cross
St Serf's Inch Priory   Ruins of 12th-century priory on St Serf's Inch island in Loch Leven
Stanley Mills   A unique complex of water-powered cotton mills situated on the River Tay.
Sunnybrae Cottage   Possibly the oldest house in Pitlochry
Tullibardine Chapel   One of the most complete and unaltered small medieval churches in Scotland


Image Notes
Barochan Cross   Free-standing early medieval cross
Castle Semple Collegiate Church   A late Gothic church

Scottish BordersEdit

Image Notes
Cross Kirk, Peebles   Remains of a Trinitarian Friary
Dere Street Roman Road, Soutra   Stretch of Roman road
Dryburgh Abbey   Medieval abbey ruins
Edin's Hall Broch   One of the few Iron Age brochs in lowland Scotland
Edrom Arch   Romanesque doorway in the graveyard of Edrom church
Foulden Tithe Barn   A two-storey barn used for storing payments made in grain to the parish church
Greenknowe Tower   Tower house built in 1581
Hermitage Castle   13/14th-century castle
Jedburgh Abbey   Abbey, founded in 1138, which was a frequent target for invading border armies.
Kelso Abbey   West end of the great abbey church of the Tironensians
Melrose Abbey   Ruined abbey on a grand scale with lavishly decorated masonry
Melrose Abbey: Commendator's House   15th-century accommodations for the Abbey Commendator
Smailholm Tower   Well-preserved 15th-century rectangular tower


Image Notes
Clickimin Broch   Iron Age broch tower
Fort Charlotte   A five-sided artillery fort with bastions projecting from each corner
Jarlshof   Ancient settlement containing remains dating from 2500 BC up to the 17th century AD.
Mousa Broch   Well-preserved Iron Age broch tower
Muness Castle   A late-16th-century tower house.
Ness of Burgi   A defensive stone-built blockhouse
Scalloway Castle   A castellated mansion
Staneydale Temple   A Neolithic hall

Stirling (council area)Edit

Image Notes
Cambuskenneth Abbey   Home to the tomb of James III and Queen Margaret and a display of medieval graveslabs and architectural fragments.
Doune Castle   A late-14th-century courtyard castle built for the Regent Albany
Doune Roman Fort   Roman fort from the 1st-century
Dunblane Cathedral   Medieval church. The lower part of the tower is Romanesque, but the larger part of the building is of the 13th century.
Inchmahome Priory   Augustinian monastery dating from 1238 set on an island in the Lake of Menteith
Stirling Castle   One of Scotland's grandest castles due to its imposing position and impressive architecture.
Stirling: Argyll's Lodging   A near-complete example of a 17th-century townhouse.
Stirling: King's Knot   Earthworks of a formal garden
Stirling: Mar's Wark   Renaissance mansion built by the Earl of Mar
Stirling: Old Bridge   A bridge built in the 15th or early 16th century

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "About Historic Environment Scotland". Historic Environment Scotland.

External linksEdit

  • Historic Environment Scotland - Visit a Place