List of Indian state flowers

Summary

India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 29 states and 8 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. Like most of the other countries, India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

A list of state flowers of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.[1]

States

State Common name Regional name Binomial name Image
Andhra Pradesh Jasmine మల్లెపూవు (Mallepūvu) Jasminum sambac Jasminum sambac.jpg
Arunachal Pradesh Foxtail Orchid Rhynchostylis retusa
Assam Foxtail Orchid কপৌ ফুল (Kopou phul) Rhynchostylis retusa কপৌফুল.jpg
Bihar Orchid Tree (Kachnar) Bauhinia variegata Bauhinia variegata (25219815170).jpg
Chhattisgarh Marrygold
Goa Frangipani Plumeria rubra Fleurs de Frangipanier (Île de la Réunion) (4125134278).jpg
Gujarat African Marigold Tagetes erecta[2] Tagetes x erecta1.jpg
Haryana Lotus Nelumbo nucifera Indian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera).jpg
Himachal Pradesh Pink rhododendron Rhododendron campanulatum Pink Rhododendron Blossom Prashar Himachal Apr11 P1020872.jpg
Jharkhand Palash Butea monosperma STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
Karnataka Lotus ಕಮಲ (Kamala) Nelumbo nucifera Indian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera).jpg
Kerala Golden shower tree കണിക്കൊന്ന (Kaṇikkeānna) Cassia fistula Cassia-fistula.jpg
Madhya Pradesh Parrot tree Butea monosperma STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
Maharashtra Pride of India (Jarul)[3] ताम्हण (Tāmhaṇa) Lagerstroemia speciosa[4] Jarul.jpg
Manipur Siroi lily Lilium mackliniae Siroi Lily.jpg
Meghalaya Gamhar Cypripedioideae Pinkslipper.jpg
Mizoram Red Vanda Renanthera imschootiana Renanthera imschootiana 01.jpg
Nagaland Rhododendron Rhododendron arboreum Rhododendron arboreum 2009.jpg
Odisha Ashoka[5][6] ଅଶୋକ (Aśoka) Saraca asoca Sita-Ashok (Saraca asoca) flowers in Kolkata W IMG 4146.jpg
Punjab Gladiolus Gladiolus grandiflorus Acidanthera.jpg
Rajasthan Rohira Tecomella undulata Tacomella leaf.jpg
Sikkim Noble orchid Cymbidium goeringii Cymbidium goeringii 'Setsuzan'.jpg
Tamil Nadu Glory lily காந்தள் பூ (Kāntaḷ pū) Gloriosa superba Gloriosa rothschildiana 01.jpg
Telangana Tangedu Puvvu తంగేడు పువ్వు (Taṅgēḍu puvvu) Senna auriculata Ranawara or Avaram- Senna auriculata at Sindhrot near Vadodara, Gujrat Pix 044.jpg
Tripura Nag Kesar Mesua ferrea Mesua ferrea.jpg
Uttar Pradesh Palash[7][8] Butea monosperma STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
Uttarakhand Brahma Kamal Saussurea obvallata Brahmakamal Kaluvinayak Chamoli Uttarakhand 2014-08-23.jpg
West Bengal Night flowering jasmine শিউলি ফুল (Śi'uli phula) Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Flower & flower buds I IMG 2257.jpg

Union territories

Union territory Common name(s) Binomial name Images
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman Pyinma[9][failed verification] Lagerstroemia hypoleuca
Chandigarh Palash[10] Butea monosperma Palash Tree.jpg
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu not yet designated
Delhi Alfalfa Medicago sativa Luzerne Rose.jpg
Jammu and Kashmir Common rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum Rhododendron ponticum 2.jpg
Ladakh Not yet designated
Lakshadweep Neelakurinji Strobilanthes kunthiana Kurinji Flowers.jpg
Puducherry Cannonball tree's flower Couroupita guianensis Cannonballtree2.jpg

See also

References

  1. ^ "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India". www.frienvis.nic.in. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  2. ^ http://2.imimg.com/data2/OT/FH/MY-/shiv-pdf.pdf for the scientific name
  3. ^ "State Flower Jarul :: Maharashtra". city flowers Social Work. 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2016. State Flower
  4. ^ Government of Maharashtra ENVIS Cell :Important native trees of India Archived 24 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "CyberOrissa.com :: Orissa". cyberorissa.com. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 August 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2012. State Flower
  6. ^ "Orissa State Symbols". mapsofindia.com. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2012. The state flower is the ‘Ashoka’ flower
  7. ^ "Palash gets state flower's status". The Times of India. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2012. Palash (Butea monosperma) is now the state flower of Uttar Pradesh
  8. ^ "IE Briefs - Indian Express". indianexpress.com. 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2012. The Uttar Pradesh government has declared ‘Palash’ or the ‘Flame of Forest’ as the state flower
  9. ^ "State Flowers of India". www.bsienvis.nic.in. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  10. ^ State Animal, Bird, Tree and Flower of Chandigarh (PDF).

External links

  • Complete Reference for Indian flower collection
  • Complete Indian flower collection
  • Indian state flowers
  • Official flora and fauna of various states in India On Biodiversity of India wiki